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"Overlooking Runway 25 - Right, at Los Angeles International Airport"

"JAXPORT Jumble"

On The Scene In The Port of Jacksonville, Florida

Feature Date: August 20 2008

Event Dates: August 13 2008

Countryman & McDaniel

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"Overlooking Runway 25 - Right, at Los Angeles International Airport"

On The Scene --At The Port of Jacksonville

 A 2008 Countryman & McDaniel

Cargo Nightmare Prize Contender

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Updated To 28 Aug. 2008

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Other Great Disasters of our Time

The Cargo Letter Photo Gallery of Transport Loss

"Tank You, From The Somali Pirates" - Somalia - M/V Faina - Sept. 2008

"Too Little Runway - Too Much Plane" - TACA Flt 390 - June 2008

"Recurring Dream" - M/V Norwegian Dream - May 2008

"Paradise & Pirates" - S/V Le Ponant - April 2008

"The Light At The End of The Tunnel" - M/V Zhen Hua 10 & 23 - Mar. 2008

"Mess At Manzanillo" - M/V CMA CGM Dahlia - Mar. 2008

"Big Battered Banana Boat" - M/V Horncliff - Feb. 2008

"Back To The Beach" - M/V Riverdance - Feb. 2008

"Glider Operations At Heathrow" -- B-777 Crash - Jan. 2008

"Fighting Fires On Mars"- Martin Mars - Dec. 2007

"Steeplechase"- A340 - Nov. 2007

"Explorer Ship Down" - M/V Explorer - Nov. 2007

"Kwanyang Crane Kaboom" - Nov. 2007

"Den Den Done" - M/V Denden - Sept. 2007

"For The "L" of It" - M/V Action Alpha - August 2007

"Stack Attack!" - M/V Ital Florida - July 2007

"Pepito Flores Did Not Need To Die " - OUR INVESTIGATION RESULTS

"Riding Down The Marquis" - M/V Rickmars Dalian - June2007

"Carrying Coal To Newcastle" - M/V Pasha Bulker - June 2007

"Between A Yacht & A Hard Place" M/V Madame Butterfly - May 2007

"Boxing Up The Rhine" M/V Excelsior - April 2007

"Best Worst Laid Plans?" M/V Republica di Genoa - March 2007

"Crack'n On The Sidmouth" - M/V MSC Napoli - Jan. 2007 - Disaster In Real Time

"Full Speed Ahead" - M/V Alva Star - Nov. 2006

"Where The Trade Winds Blew" - Oct. 2006

"Maersk Montevideo Melee!" - M/V Leda Maersk - Oct. 2006

"Laying Down On The Job" - M/V Cougar Ace -- Aug. 2006 -- Amazing !

"Vine Ripened Tires" - M/V Saga Spray -- May 2006 -- Amazing !

"Mis-Fortune" - M/V Hyundai Fortune - March 2006

"Scheldt Snafu!" - M/V Grande Nigeria - Feb. 2006

"A Day A The Beach - M/V APL Panama - Jan. 2006 - OUR EPIC COVERAGE

"NO Rails" - destruction of New Orleans - Dec. 2005

"Backhaul !" - for July 2005

"The Boeing Tri-Motor" - for April 2005

"Catch of The Day" - for March 2005

"One Brick Short of A Runway" - for Jan. 2005

"Singles Only" -- Our One Photo Disasters

M/T Vicuna Explodes - for Jan. 2005

"Unstacked" - overboard & Dr. Beach - Nov. 2004

"Coal Face" - the cargo was danger - July 2004

"Super Loss" - March 2004

"On A Wing & A Prayer" - Jan. 2004

"Stepping In It" - Dec. 2003

"Angel Fire" - Nov. 2003

"Broken Spirit" - M/V Tasman Spirit - Aug. 2003

"Denise & Polargo" - a love story - July 2003

"Columbia River Round Up" - June 2003

"Keel Hualed" - M/V Hual Europe - May 2003

"Thrice Bitten" -- M/V Tricolor - Jan. 2003

"Ramp-Age" - Feb. 2003

"Piñata" - breaking the box - Jan. 2003

"Halifax Hash"--M/V Maersk Carolina - Jan. 2003

"Thar She Blows!" - M/V Hanjin Pennsylvania - Nov. 2002

"T-E-U Bar-Be-Cue" - aftermath of the Pennsylvania

"Container Pool" - a mystery - May 2002

"Strangers On My Flight" -- by Frank Sinatra - don't blame us - we only report this stuff!

"Dropping In On The Trucker" - it happened again - April 2002

"UNDER Achiever" - tell your friends ! - March 2002

Tell It To The U.S. Marines! - A Symbol of Our Day of Infamy - Sept. 11

Heavy Metal - lifting the un-liftable object - Disaster at Monrovia July 2001

Rail Mate -- an Egyptian rail loss - Tragedy At Ain Sokhna July 2001

Meals: Ready To Explode - Navy container barbecue at Guam! June 2001

America West Kisses Concrete M/V Ville De Orion - stack shift at LAX

U.S. Navy EP- 3 -- China Hostage Situation - Spring 2001

Attack On USS Cole (DDG-67) - - Dramatic Photos!

M/V OOCL America - Feb. 2000

M/V APL China - world's greatest container disaster - Nov. 1998

M/V New Carissa - the ship that would not die - 1999

M/V Tampa Maersk "on a dock diet"

Hanjin's Bad Stab - Under The Dock At Pusan, Korea - Exclusive Photo!

The Cargo Letter Photo Gallery of Transport Loss


"JAXPORT Jumble"

On The Scene

At The Port of Jacksonville, Florida

A Cargo Nightmare Prize Contender

The Date: August 13 2008

The Time: 3:30 p.m.

The Place: Port of jacksonville, Florida

JAXport In Better Days

Blount Island Marine Terminal

Located 9 nautical miles from the Atlantic Ocean

5,280 feet of berthing space on 41 feet of deepwater

Additional 1,350 feet of berthing space on 38 feet of water.

Handles 80% of 800,000 TEUs moved annually through JAXPORT facilities.

More than 150 acres of container storage

240,000 sq. feet of dockside transit shed to house commodities such as stainless steel, liner board, wood pulp & other cargoes in need of warehousing.

One of the largest vehicle import-export centers on the U.S. East Coast

Deploys 9 cranes on the island, including 6 container cranes. Sadly, now 6.

On-dock rail served directly by CSX Corporation

Blount Island Equipment & Technical Info

The Talleyrand Marine Terminal

Located 21 miles from the Atlantic Ocean on the St. Johns River.

This 173-acre terminal has 38 feet of water along its docks.

Talleyrand handles South American and Caribbean containerized cargoes, breakbulk commodities such as steel and paper, imported automobiles, frozen and chilled goods and liquid bulk commodities.

The Dames Point Marine Terminal

JAXPORT's newest marine facility. The terminal fronts on the harbor's 41-foot deep channel.

Located on more than 585 acres of land owned by JAXPORT, this terminal is only 12 miles from the open sea.

Besides servicing bulk cargoes on 22 acres, JAXPORT and Mitsui O.S.K. Lines (MOL), a Tokyo-based logistics and ocean transportation company, are funding construction of a 158-acre container-handling facility, which will include two 1,200-foot berths, six Post-Panamax container cranes, and other infrastructure necessary to accommodate MOL's operations. Additional phases of the project could expand MOL's container facility to more than 200 acres, all on JAXPORT-owned property.

Dames Point Equipment & Technical Info

Read more about the new TraPac Container Terminal at Dames Point

The Prolog To Disaster -- JAXPORT Suffers A Wind

PROLOG >> We tend to forget that 200 years ago Florida was considered no more than a mosquito infested wilderness of no particular importance. Florida would change hands from Spain to England and back to Spain -- and then be ceded to the United States in 1821 -- but still always seen as an inconvenient, desease infested backwater..

St. Augustine is the oldest continuously settled city established by Europeans in the continental United States. It was founded by the Spanish under Admiral Pedro Menéndez de Avilés in 1565. The first Christian worship service held in a permanent settlement in the continental United States was a Catholic Mass celebrated in St. Augustine.

Just north of St. Augustine the settlement of Cowford was established -- later to become Jacksonville -- after President Andrew Jackson. The Florida Territory was ceded to the United States in 1821, and in 1822, Jacksonville's current name had come into use. The citizens determined to become a sea port, particularly serving the timber trades.

Here is the 186 year history between founding the Port of Jacksonvillve -- until the date our current feature begins on 13 August 2008:


1822  Jacksonville Becomes Official U.S. Port of Entry -- In 1822, inhabitants of the area around the small river crossing called Cowford petitioned the American government to grant their new city official status as a port of entry to the United States. They renamed their new city: Jacksonville -- after President Andrew Jackson. The area was surrounded by wilderness -- and outpost on the U.S. patch of the Atlantic Ocean.

1845   Jacksonville's Port Gains Prominence -- By the time Florida achieved statehood in 1845, Jacksonville was an important port for timber and cotton trades. The city was occupied and burned several times during the Civil War, but by the early 1880's Downtown Jacksonville had recovered and was thriving as a winter tourist destination.

1895   St. Johns River Deepens For The First Time -- A dredging project deepened the main channel of the St. Johns River to 15 feet in 1895. The dredging cost US$1.8M, which included US$300,000 from the first bond issue ever sold by Duval County. At the turn of the century, downtown Jacksonville harbored 30 private waterfront ship terminals transferring cargo between ship and rail.

1906   Jacksonville's Harbor Deepens To 24 Feet -- The main channel of the St. Johns River was deepened to 24 feet, allowing larger ships to call upon Jacksonville.

1913   Voters Approve First Port Construction Bond -- Jacksonville voters approved a referendum on selling US$1.5M in construction bonds used to build the municipal docking facilities on about 160 acres in the Talleyrand area.

1916   The St. Johns River Deepens To 30 Feet -- The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers deepened the St. Johns River from 24 feet to 30 feet in 1916.

1952   The Harbor Deepens Again, This Time To 34 Feet -- The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers deepened the St. Johns River from 30 to 34 feet in 1952.

1957   Jacksonville's Port Enters Automobile Market -- The first shipment of imported automobiles (7 Volkswagon Beetles) moved through Jacksonville's port.

1950s . Port Facilities Fall Into Disrepair -- After years of minimal re-investment, the public docks had deteriorated to the point where the post-war shipping boom bypassed Jacksonville. Indeed, at the time, the public docks were literally falling into the river.

1963   Florida Legislature Creates The Jacksonville Port Authority -- Eager to build port business for the community, the Jacksonville Chamber of Commerce and Senator Jack Mathews urged the State Legislature to create the Jacksonville Port Authority (JPA). The City transfered to the JPA the Talleyrand Municipal Docks near downtown and a tract of land known as Goat Island, later renamed Blount Island. The original Charter granted the Port Authority 1.5 mils of ad valorem taxing authority.

1968   JPA Takes Over Airport Facilities -- As part of the consolidation of the City of Jacksonville and Duval County, the City transfered ownership and management of its airports to the JPA. In addition to its maritime responsibilities, the Port Authority managed operations at Jacksonville International Airport, Craig Airport and Herlong Airport until October 1, 2001, when a separate Jacksonville Airport Authority was created to manage those facilities.

1978   U.S. Army Corps Deepens Harbor To 38 Feet -- The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers deepened the St. Johns River from 34 to 38 feet, a depth maintained for more than 20 years.

1992   JPA Facilities Top 5 Million Tons -- JPA facilities handled 5,001,074 tons in fiscal year 1992, the first time the port reached the five million ton mark.

2001   JPA Divides Into JAXPORT And JAA -- During its 2001 regular session, the Florida Legislature repealed the JPA's existing charter and abolished the JPA by enacting Chapter 2001-319, Laws of Florida. Two new authorities were created: the Jacksonville Airport Authority took over control and operations of all aviation facilities formerly controlled by the JPA, and the Jacksonville Seaport Authority (doing business as the Jacksonville Port Authority, or JAXPORT) was created to handle all matters related to the marine operations and facilities formerly controlled by the JPA. The seaport continued to call itself the "Jacksonville Port Authority" or "JAXPORT."

2003   U.S. Army Corps Deepens Harbor To 41 Feet -- The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers deepened a section of the St. Johns River from 38 to 41 feet.

2003   JAXPORT Sells Land To U.S. Military -- The U.S. Navy, on behalf of the Marine Corps, purchased from JAXPORT 137 acres of largely undeveloped property on Blount Island. The U.S. Navy also purchased from JAXPORT a restrictive use easement on another 133 acres of developed property. The sale accommodated the military's continued use of the eastern half of Blount Island for the loading of military equipment.

2003   Cruise lines Begin Service In Jacksonville -- Celebrity Cruises and Carnival Cruise Lines both announced plans to begin regular service from Jacksonville - the city's first regular cruise service. JAXPORT built a temporary cruise terminal in only six months. Celebrity kicked off their Jacksonville service with an 11-night cruise to the Caribbean on October 27, 2003 aboard the 1,375-passenger M/V Zenith.

2005   JAXPORT Plays An integral Role In Super Bowl XXXIX -- As the Official Port of the Jacksonville Super Bowl XXXIX Host Committee, JAXPORT provided docking and logistical coordination for four of the five cruise ships serving as floating hotels during Feb. 2 - 7, 2005. Collectively, those vessels provided more than 3,500 rooms and numerous restaurants, night clubs and other amenities to NFL guests.

2005   Jacksonville Gets Direct Container Service To Asia -- JAXPORT signed a 30-year lease agreement with Mitsui O.S.K. Lines, Ltd., (MOL) a Tokyo-based logistics and ocean transportation company. The agreement called for the construction of a 131-acre container-handling facility, including two 1,200-foot berths, six Post-Panamax container cranes, and other infrastructure necessary to accommodate the new Jacksonville-Asia container connection.

Blount Island Marine Terminal - Once Goat Island
-- Blount Island Container Cranes
-- Blount Island Container Cranes On Rails
-- Blount Island Ship To Rail Operation
We hope you enjoyed the above history lesson. Understanding our ports requires an appreciation of their struggle & growth.

For 186 years now The Port of Jacksonville -- or JAXPORT -- has carved it's way from frontier outpost port of necessity on the Southern Atlantic to a container port of choice for Far East container traffic through the Pananma Canal. It is this modern container business that would create a JAXPORT Jumble on Aug. 13 2008 that could not have been envisioned by the pioneers in 1822.

The port operations ran smoothly for many years -- until 13 Aug. 2008. Until "Ship Happened! ©"

Get Your "Ship Happens! ©" Gear!

Visit The Cargo Law Ship's Store ForGreat Industry Gift Ideas!

Our Contributor for this feature are:

Lynda Akin - Long Beach, CA

Richard Hinely - Atlantic Container Service, Savannah, GA

 Michael S. McDaniel - Your Editor

There Appears A Problem For The Blount Island Tereminal On Aug. 13 2008

 There Appears A Problem For The Blount Island Container Cranes On Aug. 13 2008.

Bystanders Run To The Rescue.

From The Cargo Letter - August 13 2008
Jaxport engineers are scouring the wreckage for answers after a 125-foot, 950-ton container crane at Jaxport's Blount Island Marine Terminal apparently careened down its tracks during a storm Aug. 13, and slammed into another crane of the same size

The two cranes collapsed into a heap. A third crane, adjacent to the second, was damaged, but the extent is not yet determined. There were no injuries.

Jaxport will continue to operate normally with three cranes at the other end of Blount Island and six at the Tallyrand Terminal.

Typically, an arm, or "boom" extends from the cranes and over ships, loading or unloading containers and moving them onto the dock. The cranes can move parallel to the water and along the length of ships on tracks similar to train tracks. When the cranes aren't in use, they are held in place with a braking system.

The investigation will shed more light on the role weather might have played in the accident.

Al Sandrik, warning coordination meteorologist for the National Weather Service, said a radar assessment of the storm that moved across Jacksonville that afternoon indicated it could produce wind gusts of 60 mph - with wind speeds of 10 mph more than that at 125 feet.

A number of storm cells combined to form a "bow echo" squall line, and the storm's leading edge hit Blount Island at about 3:30 p.m., Sandrik said. That was at the same time the crane collapsed.


The First Crane Was Caught By The Wind, Rolled Along The Rails & Ran Into The Next Crane In Line

The Crash Scene Is A Wasteland


The Damaged Cranes Cost US$6M Each When New  

The 950 Ton Cranes Fell Like Dominoes - A US$18M Minute
 Here, A Structural Engineer Team Arrived Aug. 14 2008, Morning.

Wearing Hard Hats & Safety Vests, Thunder, Lightning & Pouring Rain Cut Short The Inspection.

Many Are Wondering How Cranes That Have Withstood Tropical Storms For 25 Years Could Fall In A Sudden Microburst.

Located Just 9 Nautical Miles From The Atlantic Ocean, The Blount Island Marine Terminal Has 5,280 Feet of Berthing Space On 41 Feet of Deepwater. Blount Island Has An Additional 1,350 feet of Berthing Space On 38 Feet of Water.
This 754-Acre Blount Island Terminal is JAXPORT's Largest Container Facility - Handling 80% of The Nearly 800,000 TEUs Moved Annually Through JAXPORT Facilities. The Terminal Dedicates More Than 150 Acres To Container Storage, And 240,000 Square Feet of Dockside Transit Shed To House Commodities Such As Stainless Steel, Liner Board, Wood Pulp And Other Cargoes In Need of Warehousing.

Blount Island Also Is One of The Largest Vehicle Import-Export Centers On The East Coast, And The Terminal Handles Recreational Boats, Tractors, Wood Pulp, Forest Products & A Variety of General Cargoes. The Entire Terminal Is Covered Under JAXPORT's Foreign Trade Zone.

JAXPORT's Container Volumes Reached 768,239 TEUs (20-Foot Equivalent Units) In 2006 & Are Projected To Double In 5 Years, Due To The 2008 Opening of The new 130-acre TraPac Container Terminal at Dames Point And New Service From Mitsui O.S.K. Lines (MOL).  

JAXPORT Does Not Use A Tie-Down Method, And Believes That The Brakes Are Sufficient.

Did The Brakes Fail? Were They Properly Set? Or Should They Just Call Midas?

From The Cargo Letter - Aug. 15 2008

While structural engineers determine the extent of the damage to the container cranes at Blount Island, cargo continues to move through all JAXPORT terminals.

JAXPORT's Blount Island Marine Terminal remains open to vessels, rail carriers & trucks. Three container cranes are currently available for stevedores to use at Blount Island.

There does, however, need to be a shopping trip for new cranes.

Michael S. McDaniel - your Editor

From Our Reader - Aug. 28 2008

Dear Mr. McDaniel,

This is not the first time Jaxport has lost control of a crane in a wind gust. I was on M/V Humacao (Navieras) in the summer of 1992 at Jaxport when a container crane got away in a wind gust and went from the forward holds to the aft. Unfortnately, the radar mast was in the way. The mast ended up on the aft deck and the 10cm scanner was hung up in the crane's rigging. Incredibly, the rep from Jaxport tried to blame the ship.

The crane operator had been moving the crane side to side to line up on the trailers rather than the trailers lining up with the crane. It is the only place I have seen that done. Of course to do that, the crane operator has to have the brakes released...

Ross Gauld - Houston

Shippers Must Have Quality Marine Cargo Insurance ........ Because......... "Ship Happens! ©"

To Repeat -- No Matter How Careful You Are -- Or Who You Hire ....... "Ship Happens! ©"

Get Your "Ship Happens! ©" Gear!

Visit The Cargo Law Ship's Store ForGreat Industry Gift Ideas!

The Dedication of This Feature Is Simple: To the stevedores and staff at The Port of Jacksonville

SPECIAL NOTE: The historic dangers of carriage by air & sae continue to be quite real. Shippers must be encouraged to purchase high quality marine cargo insurance from their freight forwarder or customs broker

It's very dangerous out there.


Port of Jacksonville

Port Overview

Port of Jacksonville Crane Factsheet

Video of Crane Collapse

Our Daily Vessel Casualties - stay informed

Ocean Features From The Cargo Letter- these are just examples

The Cargo Letter Photo Gallery of Transport Loss - For All The Air & Ocean Features - a few examples below
"Too Little Runway - Too Much Plane" - TACA Flt 390 - June 2008

"Recurring Dream" - M/V Norwegian Dream - May 2008

"Explorer Ship Down" - M/V Explorer - Nov. 2007

"Kwanyang Crane Kaboom" - Nov. 2007

"Den Den Done" - M/V Denden - Sept. 2007

"For The "L" of It" - M/V Action Alpha - August 2007

"Pepito Flores Did Not Need To Die " - OUR INVESTIGATION RESULTS

"Stack Attack!" - M/V Ital Florida - July 2007

"Singles Only" - visit our individual moments of transport crisis for more.

The Greatest Container Losses Of All Time - these are the grand fathers -

M/V OOCL America

M/V APL China

M/V APL Panama - The EPIC

"Great Misfortune"- M/V Hyundai Fortune - March 2006

SPECIAL NOTE: The historic dangers of carriage by sea continue to be quite real. Shippers must be encouraged to purchase high quality marine cargo insurance from their freight forwarder or customs broker. 

It's very dangerous out there.

Thanks To Our Contributors For The "JAXPORT Jumble" Feature

Our Contributor for this feature are:
Lynda Akin - Long Beach, CA

Richard Hinely - Atlantic Container Service, Savannah, GA


The Cargo Letter appreciates the continuing efforts of this valued contributor. Thanks Pals For Your Contributions!

NOTE: Please Provide Us With Your Additional Information For This Loss.

EDITOR'S NOTE FOR SURVEYORS, ATTORNEYS & MARINE ADJUSTERS: The Internet edition effort of The Cargo Letter now celebrates it's 8th Year of Service -- making us quite senior in this segment of the industry. We once estimated container underway losses at about 1,500 per year. Lloyd's put that figure at about 10,000 earlier this year. Quite obviously, the reporting mechanism for these massive losses is not supported by the lines. News of these events is not posted to the maritime community. Our new project is to call upon you -- those handling the claims -- to let us know of each container loss at sea-- in confidentiality. Many of you survey on behalf of cargo interests with no need for confidentiality. Others work for the lines & need to be protected. As a respected Int'l publication, The Cargo Letter enjoys full press privileges & cannot be forced to disclose our sources of information. No successful attempt has ever been made. If a personal notation for your report is desired -- each contributor will be given a "hot link" to your company Website in each & every report. Please take moment & report your "overside" containers to us. If you do not wish attribution, your entry will be "anonymous." This will will benefit our industry -- for obvious reasons! McD

* NOTE: The Cargo Letter wants you to know that by keeping the identity of our contributors 100% Confidential, you are able to view our continuing series of "Cargo Disasters." Our friends send us materials which benefit the industry. The materials are provided to our news publication with complete and enforceable confidentiality for the sender. In turn, we provide these materials to you.  

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