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"Overlooking Runway 25 - Right, at Los Angeles International Airport"


"Vine Ripened Tires"

On The Scene On Approach To Vancouver !

Industry Experiment At Sea

A True Fatory Ship

Feature Date: May, 2006

Event Date: February 21, 2006

Countryman & McDaniel

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"Overlooking Runway 25 - Right, at Los Angeles International Airport"

On The Scene -- The Approach To Vancouver !

 A 2006 Countryman & McDaniel

Cargo Nightmare Prize Contender

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Other Great Disasters of our Time

The Cargo Letter Photo Gallery of Transport Loss

"Den Den Done" - M/V Denden - Sept. 2007

"Pepito Flores Did Not Need To Die " - OUR INVESTIGATION RESULTS

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"Where The Trade Winds Blew" - Oct. 2006

"Full Speed Ahead!" - M/V Alva Star - Nov. 2006

"Maersk Montevideo Melee!" - M/V Leda Maersk - Oct. 2006

"Laying Down On The Job" - M/V Cougar Ace -- Aug. 2006 -- Amazing !

"Vine Ripened Tires" - M/V Saga Spray -- May 2006 -- Amazing !

"Great Misfortune" - M/V Hyundai Fortune - March 2006 - because Ship Happens©

"Scheldt Snafu!" - M/V Grande Nigeria - Feb. 2006 - because Ship Happens©

"A Day A The Beach - M/V APL Panama - Jan. 2006

"NO Rails" - destruction of New Orleans - Dec. 2005

"Backhaul !" - for July 2005

"The Boeing Tri-Motor" - for April 2005

"Catch of The Day" - for March 2005

"One Brick Short of A Runway" - for Jan. 2005

"Singles Only" -- Our One Photo Disasters

M/T Vicuna Explodes - for Jan. 2005

"Unstacked" - overboard & Dr. Beach - Nov. 2004

"Coal Face" - the cargo was danger - July 2004

"Super Loss" - March 2004

"On A Wing & A Prayer" - Jan. 2004

"Stepping In It" - Dec. 2003

"Angel Fire" - Nov. 2003

"Broken Spirit" - M/V Tasman Spirit - Aug. 2003

"Denise & Polargo" - a love story - July 2003

"Columbia River Round Up" - June 2003

"Keel Hualed" - M/V Hual Europe - May 2003

"Thrice Bitten" -- M/V Tricolor - Jan. 2003

"Ramp-Age" - Feb. 2003

"Piñata" - breaking the box - Jan. 2003

"Halifax Hash"--M/V Maersk Carolina - Jan. 2003

"Thar She Blows!" - M/V Hanjin Pennsylvania - Nov. 2002

"T-E-U Bar-Be-Cue" - aftermath of the Pennsylvania

"Container Pool" - a mystery - May 2002

"Strangers On My Flight" -- by Frank Sinatra - don't blame us - we only report this stuff!

"Dropping In On The Trucker" - it happened again - April 2002

"UNDER Achiever" - tell your friends ! - March 2002

 Tell It To The U.S. Marines! - A Symbol of Our Day of Infamy - Sept. 11

Heavy Metal - lifting the un-liftable object - Disaster at Monrovia July 2001

Rail Mate -- an Egyptian rail loss - Tragedy At Ain Sokhna July 2001

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U.S. Navy EP- 3 -- China Hostage Situation - Spring 2001

Attack On USS Cole (DDG-67) - - Dramatic Photos!

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M/V New Carissa - the ship that would not die - 1999

M/V Tampa Maersk "on a dock diet"

Hanjin's Bad Stab - Under The Dock At Pusan, Korea - Exclusive Photo!

The Cargo Letter Photo Gallery of Transport Loss


"Vine Ripened Tires"

Industry Experiment At Sea

A True Factory Ship

On The Scene

The Approach To Vancouver

M/V Saga Spray


A Cargo Nightmare Prize Contender

The Date: February 21 2006

The Time: Early Moning

The Place: Approach To Vancouver

M/V Saga Spray In Better Days

Built - 1994

Yard - Oshima Shipbuilding Co., Ltd.(111095)

Owner - Scorpio Carriers Ltd.

Manager - Patt Manfield & Co. Ltd.

Flag -Hong Kong

Home Port - Hong Kong

Signal Letters - VRWW5

Type of Vessel - 301 - General Cargo (single deck)

Class - Tide Class

Displacement -

29,381 gross tons

47,029 DWT

Overall Length - 199.2 meters

Beam -30.5 meters

Draft - 11.823 meters

Service Speed - 15 knots

No. of holds - 10 (listing of holds)

Loading capacity - Containers:

On deck 560 teu

In holds 1,128 teu

Cranes - 2 sets x 40 LT travelling gantry cranes with weather protection


Tide Class Vessels

Saga Sky (1996)

Saga Horizon (1995)

Saga Wind (1994)

Saga Spray (1994)

Saga Crest (1994)

Saga Tide (1991)

Saga Wave (1991)

Prolog To Disaster -- Approach To Vancouver -- Industry Experiment

PROLOG >> It's early Wednesday, 22 February 2006-- M/V Saga Spray approaches the Port of Vancouver, Canada. A revolutionary industrial process for tire curing continues aboard M/V Saga Spray.

Canadian Tire Co. has undertaken the revolutionary test to minimize cycle time for rubber compound curing -- at sea -- aboard M/V Saga Spray in the Pacific.

Tire curing is the final step in tire manufacturing where a green tire built from layers of rubber compounds is formed to the desired shape in a press. Heat is transferred to the tire from the surroundings which are maintained at higher temperatures. The transferred heat provokes the curing reaction (vulcanization) of the rubber compounds, thus converting the compounds to a strong elastic material. The curing process is energy-consuming and has a strong effect on material properties. Knowing the point at which sufficient vulcanization occurs during the production of rubber products allows the manufacturer to minimize cycle time while simultaneously reducing product variation. The conventional method is to directly measure the temperature-time profiles using thermocouples inserted in various parts of the tire and then to convert the measured profiles to the state of cure. This is costly and very time-consuming.

But can the operators of M/V Saga Spray re-convert the measured profiles to a state of rubber compound cure at sea?

It is a question of aquaculture -- properly tending & matriculating the tire vines at sea within the temperature varient.

The scientists of Canadian Tire Co. have worked "tirelessly" to make this daring experiemnt work. M/V Saga Spray will be the ultimate test.

Cure Temp. Over Water At 17 PSI

Predicted temperature evolution for a tire ocean curing process.

As shown above, the tire curing process is radically altered at sea -- but will it be enough?

This Exclusive Photo of The Patented Canadian Tire Design Reveals How Sea Air

Is Calculated To Speed Air Flow Curing Through The Widened Tread Pattern.


Implementation of The Industrial Process

Draped Along Side M/V Saga Spray, The Tire Vines Are Normally Clustered Close To The Hull -

Maximizing Exposure to Sun & Sea Spray For Proper Tire Curing

As The Clusters Gather, Vine Ripening Excelarates Tire Curing From Ocean Air

Canadian Tire Co. Believes The Process Will Grow A Tough, Ocean Tempered Surface Strength Cured Tire.

The Canadian Tire Vines Usually Clump In Threes -- Never More Than Five.

Sometimes The Tires, called "Fruit" Can Weigh Too Heavily On The Vessel Curing Vine

Tire Vine Science Normally Dictates The Exact Time of Industrial Harvest -- After Port Is Reached!

At Other Times - The Harvest Comes Too Late In The Tire Curing Process

Crashing Onto The Vessel Rails

OK, ENOUGH - So Canadian Tire Is Not Really A Tire Company - Nor Is This Feature About Tires!
This Is A Cargo Disaster! That Is What We Do Here!

But you should already have guessed we were just having fun!

Canadian Tire Has Nothing To Do With Tires!

Canadian Tire -- Is A Great Retail Store -- The Sears Of Canada.

What We Really Have Here Is A Container Stowage Nightmare Aboard M/V Saga Spray.

Yes, "Ship Happens! ©" -- The Purpose of Our Website!

The True Cause of This Disaster Was A Rogue Wave
The Canadian Tire Stow Experienced A Problem On The Way From Korea

Here Seen Morning Of Wednesday, 22 February 2006 -- the cargo deck of M/V Saga Spray was a mess!

Her Cargo Containers Became Hanging Vines!

M/V Saga Spray arrived at Fraser Surrey Docks, British Columbia with 53' containers in complete disary.

 M/V Saga Spray was hit by a rogue wave of 30ft. on her beam on passage from Korea to Canada with a deck load of new 53' intermodal containers.

Due to the container size, it is not possible to lash these containers in a conventional container ship manner.

They have to be laid on dunnage & lashed with chains. But these containers were "the cargo" -- not loaded with product.

To repeat, these containers were cargo, chained, not contained in normal container ship guides & stacks.

"Ship Happens! ©"

M/V Saga Spray In Better Days

The 53' intermodal containers for Canadian Tire were stowed on dunnage & lashed with chains on the flat deck.

The vessel crane structures could be used to manipulate or remove the containers.

M/V Saga Spray At Hong Kong

Editors Note: We've all suffered enough emotion in 2006 thus far through the great maritime disasters of M/V APL Panama & M/V Hyundai Forturne.

Our industry efforts usually being quite serious -- from time to time we can take a lighter look at the risks which threaten the cargo of our customers. Still, the historic dangers of carriage by sea continue to be quite real. Shippers must be encouraged to purchase high quality marine cargo insurance from their freight forwarder or customs brokerIt's dangerous out there.


Making Tires Is A Big Job! Not Recommended To Be Performed At Sea!

From Our Readers>>

May 23 2006 --
"So what is new about a 30 foot wave? Is there more to the story than just one wave? Having seen the pictures, I wait to hear the rest of the story!"
Alan Maggs

Hi Alan>> The point here was that the 53' footers were empty & simply laid upon the deck -- very very vulnerable to this sort of wave action -- the result of lateral movement and mass movement -- instead of being locked together in a cell guide where the containers are prevented from . And yes, we presume more than one wave may have been involved. Because our source to this incident is confidential, our information is verified, but limited. Remember, these containers were "the cargo". McD

June 6 2006 -

"This story differs from other "containers over the side" stories in that these containers were items of cargo, not equipment designed for the maritime carriage of cargo. They are intended for carriage by road and rail but not on deepsea vessels.  Like 45ft "palletwide" units being built for European shortsea operators, these non-ISO units are built in China because that's the cheapest place. The 53ft boxes then have to be transported by sea to the U.S. (or to Europe in the case of palletwides) but it should be noted that the 53ft boxes are not designed for maritime applications and so care should be taken to ensure they are not damaged in transit just like any other item of cargo.

The European 45's can be carried on deepsea containers ships subject to there being sufficient width and length tolerances because, unlike the 53s, they are designed for maritime applications. Consequently they are often loaded with Europe-bound cargo in China for European consignees. One hopes that North American 53s are not being loaded with cargo to defray transportation costs!

David Cheslin - Coastlink Network Ltd

"I bet this has more to do with wrong stowage than any extraordinary or mythical wave. Looks like they have tried to lash the cargo as if it was a timber deck cargo- mistake! Lashing wires have cut through containers on top tier and everything has got loose then shifted."

Steve Parry

June 12 2007 - Late Contributed Photos

I am a longshoreman, but these photos were not taken by me, but by a friend of mine who is a rail coordinator at Fraser Surrey Dock. The damaged containers sat on dock for quite a while, before being shipped out one after the other. I am sure that some of them were sold for use to local businesses because I have seen a number of them, logos taken off of course, sitting at a number of warehouses, farms, and houses being used as storage cans.
Monica Appelt

Disaster At The Dock

M/V Saga Spray Hanging Around The Dock

The Dedication of This Feature Is Simple: To The Crew M/V Saga Spray and the families. No injuries in this amazing incident.
"Ship Happens! ©"

SPECIAL NOTE: The historic dangers of carriage by sea continue to be quite real. Shippers must be encouraged to purchase high quality marine cargo insurance from their freight forwarder or customs brokerIt's dangerous out there.


The Scene
Canadian Tire

Canadian Tire - the movie

Canadian Tire History

Company profile

Tire Curing

Tire Curing

Tire Curing Process

How A Tire Is Made

Other Ocean Related Features From The Cargo Letter

The Cargo Letter Photo Gallery of Transport Loss - for all the air & ocean features including those below --

"Unstacked - Overboard With Dr. Beach" - Oct. 2004

"Columbia River Round Up" - June 2003

"Halifax Hash"--M/V Maersk Carolina - Jan. 2003

"Piñata" - breaking the box - Jan. 2003

"T-E-U Bar-Be-Cue" - aftermath of the M/V Pennsylvania Loss - Nov. 2002

"Container Pool" - a mystery - May 2002

"Dropping In On The Trucker" -happened again - April 2002

"Meals: Ready To Explode" - Navy Barbecue at Guam June 2001

"M/V Ville D' Orion" - Bad L.A. Stack Disaster! April 2001 -- UPDATED - May 2002

"Pier Review" - Sept. 2001

"Singles Only" - visit our individual moments of transport crisis for more.

The Greatest Container Losses Of All Time - these are the grand fathers -

M/V OOCL America

M/V APL China

SPECIAL NOTE: The historic dangers of carriage by sea continue to be quite real. Shippers must be encouraged to purchase high quality marine cargo insurance from their freight forwarder or customs broker.  It's dangerous out there.
Thanks To Our Contributor For The
""Vine Ripened Tires"" Feature

Our Contributor for this feature are:
Anonymous photo contributor who wishes to be anonymous* -- an industry industry insider who has provided us with many exclusive & exciting photo series in the past.

Monica Appelt

Alastair MacLean

NOTE: Please Provide Us With Your Additional Information For This Loss.

EDITOR'S NOTE FOR SURVEYORS, ATTORNEYS & MARINE ADJUSTERS: The Internet edition effort of The Cargo Letter now celebrates it's 8th Year of Service -- making us quite senior in this segment of the industry. We once estimated container underway losses at about 1,500 per year. Lloyd's put that figure at about 10,000 earlier this year. Quite obviously, the reporting mechanism for these massive losses is not supported by the lines. News of these events is not posted to the maritime community. Our new project is to call upon you -- those handling the claims -- to let us know of each container loss at sea-- in confidentiality. Many of you survey on behalf of cargo interests with no need for confidentiality. Others work for the lines & need to be protected. As a respected Int'l publication, The Cargo Letter enjoys full press privileges & cannot be forced to disclose our sources of information. No successful attempt has ever been made. If a personal notation for your report is desired -- each contributor will be given a "hot link" to your company Website in each & every report. Please take moment & report your "overside" containers to us. If you do not wish attribution, your entry will be "anonymous." This will will benefit our industry -- for obvious reasons! McD

* NOTE: The Cargo Letter wants you to know that by keeping the identity of our contributors 100% Confidential, you are able to view our continuing series of "Cargo Disasters." Our friends send us materials which benefit the industry. The materials are provided to our news publication with complete and enforceable confidentiality for the sender. In turn, we provide these materials to you.  

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