Industry News
From The Cargo Letter


Air & Ocean Freight Forwarder - Customs Broker News
4 March 1997

Good Friday Morning from our Observation Deck...... Overlooking the officially designated "Cargo City" area and....... Runway 25-Right at Los Angeles International Airport. Contribute your knowledge & information e-mail to The Cargo Letter.

Michael S. McDaniel, Esq., Editor

INDEX to The Cargo Letter:

  1. OUR Top Story
  2. Gore & Gingrich Delegations Visit China, Japan and Taiwan; Chinese Wish Outspoken Speaker Had Stayed Home
    OUR "A" Section: Trade, Financial & Inland News
  3. Can David Become Cyberspace Goliath?
  4. Freight Forwarder Trade Briefs
    OUR "B" Section: FF World Air News
  5. FF World Air Briefs
    OUR "C" Section: FF World Ocean News
  6. FF World Ocean Briefs
  7. The Cargo Letter Cargo Damage Dispatches
    OUR "D" Section: FF in Cyberspace
  8. The Cargo Letter "Cyber Ports Of Call"
    OUR "E" Section: The Forwarder/Broker World
  9. Getting Down To "Terms"


OUR Top Story

1. Gore & Gingrich Delegations Visit China, Japan and Taiwan; Chinese Wish Outspoken Speaker Had Stayed Home

-- by Warren S. Levine, for The Cargo Letter

APR 3 -- In a stream of diplomatic visits, Vice-President Al Gore and House Speaker Newt Gingrich, the latter attracting a tail of Congressmen which rivalled Comet Hale-Bopp's celestial one, met with Chinese leaders from Jiang Zemin to Li Peng to Tung Chee-Hwa to outgoing Hong Kong Governor Chris Patten last week.

In separate meetings with the current and future governors of Hong Kong, Gingrich first expressed optimism that the "one-country, two-systems" policy will work, and then issued stern philosophical edicts to the Chinese regarding economic and political freedoms.

The fact that so many powerful American politicians happened on China in rapid-fire succession was unfortunately viewed by the Chinese as further pressure from the United States, as a number of mixed messages were delivered within a short time frame.

On Sunday, after attending Easter services at the Shanghai Community Church, a PRC government-approved worship facility, Gingrich warned a high advisor to Jiang Zemin, "We understand that in principle you will not renounce the right to use force. I want you to understand we (the United States) will defend Taiwan."

An unnamed government official in Taiwan expressed concern that many of Gingrich's remarks were "quite different from the U.S. government's traditional rhetoric on the (China-Taiwan) issue."

Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Shen Guofang's response to Gingrich was predictable: "We don't need any foreigner making indiscreet remarks on this question." He further urged the U.S. to "speak with one voice," and stated that, "We really don't hope to see each branch of the U.S. Government advancing different foreign policies. If so, I'm afraid that would be extremely laughable."

Gore's visit was in part designed to familiarize himself with the Chinese, and to familiarize the Chinese leadership with the vice-president. Not much of any substance was resolved. In this, his first visit to China, the VP kept up his low-key image, and in the process drew the ire of human-rights groups for not having given ultimatums nor having made public statements regarding this sensitive and divisive issue. Throughout, the soft-spoken Gore held that public humiliation has only angered China in the past, a sentiment Shen echoed: "If there is confrontation, then I'm afraid that there will be no basis for dialogue." In a statement to reporters, the vice-president did say that he got a more receptive response from the Chinese on human rights than in previous discussions.

Gingrich spent four hours in Taipei on Wednesday, meeting and lunching with Taiwan's leadership. In a press conference, he expressed the need for peaceful relations between the U.S., China and Taiwan: "Woven throughout our bipartisan American foreign policy . . . Is the commitment by both Beijing and Washington to ensure that the future of Taiwan will be resolved by peaceful, non-coercive means."

In Washington, White House Press Secretary Mike McCurry characterized Gingrich's remarks as a "shorthand version" of a much more complex American policy, and said that the Speaker "spoke for himself" in China and was welcome to say what he pleased.

Even Japan, an ally of the United States, did not escape unscathed from the Speaker's kamikaze tongue. In Tokyo Monday, Gingrich called Japan, "...the most sophisticated protectionist system in the world," and accused Japan of stalling in opening their market to imports. He also described US trade relations with Japan as an "irritant."


OUR "A" Section: Trade, Financial & Inland News

2. Can David Become Cyberspace Goliath?

30 March - Our industry has become familiar with the revolution resulting from impressive technology accomplishments by the major carriers offering their marvels of computer freight tracking & POD. While such technology is usually priced beyond the budget of most small to medium forwarders, Global Logistics Village of San Ramon, CA. has now entered the market with a new Internet service designed for small & medium size freight carriers to participate without the significant investments needed to develop an operational world wide web site with sophisticated freight tracking abilities. Member companies will now have the opportunity to compete with even the largest carriers (FedEx, UPS, DHL, Emery, Airborne, APL, OOCL, etc.) Services include order entry, POD and Tracking. Subscribers will provide their customers with shipment activity, as well as a supply chain reporting system. For forwarders & small carriers lacking the technology to take advantage of these opportunities Global Logistics Village offers computerized systems & software to implement the concept. [Ed Note: The Cargo Letter has sampled this new service and believes it has merit. Visit the new service at ......or call (510) 830-1744.

3. Freight Forwarder Trade Briefs


OUR "B" Section: FF World Air News

4. Freight Forwarder World Air Briefs


OUR "C" Section: FF World Ocean News

5. FF World Ocean Briefs

6. The Cargo Letter Cargo Damage Dispatches

It was a quiet three weeks. 1.] on 7 March U.S. Coast Guard units dropped food to the disabled freighter M/V Na Na Express (Haitian) off the Bahamas; 2. ] on 8 March, off Nuevitas, Cuba, the freighter M/V Sea Boekanier sank, her crew rescued by U.S. Coast Guard; 3. ] since 12 March the freighter M/V Samir (Cypriot) has gone missing in the Mediterranean, on a voyage from Alexandria to Trapani, Italy, with a crew of 12; 4. ] on 12 March the RO/RO M/V Saudi Makkah (Saudi Arabian) collided with the bulker M/V Turtle Queen (Panamanian) east of the Chesapeake Bay Bridge; 5. ] on 15 March an explosion aboard M/T Evgenia (Greek) at a shipyard in Perama, Greece, killed one person and injured seven; 6. ] also on 15 March, bulker M/ V Theodoros S. (Cypriot) collided with the M/V Gulsum Ana (Turkish) S.W. of Malaga, Spain; 7. ] on 16 March, containership M/V Sea Regina (Cypriot) ran aground entering the Port of Riga, Latvia, but attempts to refloat her have failed; 8. ] on 20 March 100 cargo barges on the Mississippi River broke loose near Laplace, La., closing the waterway between miles 120 & 132 while the barges were brought back under control; 9. ] on 22 March a fire aboard M/V Gokalp-I has left one crewmember missing and the ship abandoned as she sailed through the Dardanelles Strait; 10. ] on 25 March the cargo vessel M/ V Myo Hyang San (North Korean) sank off Iki Island, Japan, after running aground, but the crew was rescued; 11. ] also on 25 March the freighter M/V Cita (Antigua) sailing from Southampton to Belfast, with 200 containers, ran aground and remains abandoned in the Isles of Scilly. >>>OTHER CARGO MISHAPS: At least 16 other cargo & 3 military vessels suffered groundings or were disabled during the period, but not reported here due to space considerations. [ED NOTE: This report addresses only cargo mishaps. It would require several more pages to detail problems for passenger, fishing, military and ferry vessels, etc.. It is dangerous out there.]


OUR "D" Section: FF in Cyberspace

7. The Cargo Letter "Cyber Ports Of Call"


OUR "E" Section: The Forwarder/Broker World

8. Getting Down To "Terms"

-- by Michael S. McDaniel for The Cargo Letter

As attorneys, we often see forwarder & broker uncertainty on the issue of what constitute "Terms & Conditions of Service" and exactly how many there are. Here is a primer regarding the major three:

Continuing changes in the law, require that your company contract documents (B/Ls, etc.) be by an expert reviewed annually. McD. [an error occurred while processing this directive]