THE CARGO LETTER 
Air & Ocean Freight Forwarder - Customs Broker News
21 July 1997
Good Monday Morning from our Observation Deck...... overlooking the
officially designated "Cargo City" area and....... Runway 25-Right at
Los Angeles International Airport.
Contribute your knowledge & information ........ by e-mail to The
Cargo Letter. We strive to bring you useful information which is timely
& topical. Be sure to visit our web site .......... http://www.interpool.com
Michael S. McDaniel, Editor
INDEX to The Cargo Letter:
- OUR Top Stories: Hong Kong: The Aftermath
- Hong Kong Reverts to Mainland Rule
- Beijing Wants Taiwan to Follow
- Tung Chee-Hwa Replaces Elected Legislators
- Hong Kong Learns .......
OUR "A" Section: Trade, Financial & Inland
- Mother-in-Law is Here to Stay
- Taiwan Bombarded by Propaganda as China Launches War of The Words
- Intercargo Leads "Industry Initiative II"
- Reducing FF/CHB Liability
- The Cutting Edge
- The Empire After Hong Kong?
- Freight Forwarder Trade Briefs
- International Trade Holidays For July
- A Note To Your Sales Dept.
- Bonding With The Customer
- The Cargo Letter Financial Page
OUR "B" Section: FF World Air News
- Freight Forwarder World Air Briefs
OUR "C" Section: FF World Ocean News
- FF World Ocean Briefs
- The Cargo Letter Cargo Damage Dispatches
OUR "D" Section: FF in Cyberspace
- The Cargo Letter "Cyber Ports Of Call"
OUR Top Stories: Hong Kong: The Aftermath
- Beijing Wants Taiwan to Follow
- Tung Chee-Hwa Replaces Elected Legislators
-- by Warren S. Levine, for The Cargo Letter
JULY 1, 1997 -- Read this important chronicle of the Hong Kong Handover at
The Cargo Letter world wide web site. This is Hong
Kong's "Wedding Night" story. Computer error prevented the story
from being included with your edition . Now,
below comes the "Mother-In-Law" story for Hong Kong.
- Mother-in-Law is Here to Stay
- Taiwan Bombarded by Propaganda as China Launches War of The Words
-- By Warren S. Levine, for The Cargo Letter
JULY 18 -- As the post-nuptial glow faded from the faces of millions of
people in Hong Kong and the anticipation and excitement of the long-anticipated
honeymoon night diminished, the new Special Administrative Region of China has
realized that their mother-in-law is there for the duration.
The new Hong Kong government has prohibited demonstrations by groups which
pose "threats to peace, or promoting independence for Taiwan and
Tibet," in what seems to be an effort to ensure that Hong Kong doesn't
become a destabilizing influence upon the mainland. Observers, including
Singaporean Senior Minister Lee Kuan Yew, believe that Hong Kong will have a
democratic backlash effect on southern China, specifically the 60 million people
who live in Guangdong Province, Hong Kong's neighbor to the immediate north.
Textbook writers and journalists have been the first to feel the actual
changes, however. The Beijing-appointed provisional Hong Kong government has
effected new policies toward coverage of news events and descriptions of events
that might reflect badly on the Chinese government. The Hong Kong Education
Department has been selecting textbooks which refer to Taiwan or China as
separate countries. Some textbooks will be re-written. Some will disappear.
In addition, "improper" references to the June 4, 1989, massacre at
Tiananmen Square, would be replaced by neutral terminology so as not to reflect
badly on the communist government.
Paul Yip, an education advisor to Tung Chee-Hwa, said that history books
should tell "different versions of the incident, including those reported
by the central government."
In Xiamen, two huge billboards were erected by China, facing Taiwan's Quemoy
Island: "One Country, Two Systems, Reunify China." Taiwan had planned
to respond with "Liberty, Democracy, Prosperity" on a sign facing the
Mainland. In addition, China's coastal radio stations have been broadcasting
non-stop slogans across the Taiwan Strait in an attempt to gain support for
reunification on Beijing's terms.
Since 1978, the closest the sides have come to confrontation was in March
1996. China staged live-fire war games, including launching missiles into the
Strait off Kaohsiung, as a protest against the Presidential elections in Taiwan.
The United States sent aircraft carrier battle groups to the area to ensure
the security of the region, an act which angered Beijing.
Last week, an article written for USA Today by Taiwan President Lee Teng-hui
was read into the Congressional Record by Representative Gerald Solomon (R-NY).
Lee called for the creation of a democratic Chinese nation.
Former Senator and Republican presidential candidate Bob Dole, a long-time
supporter of Taiwan's independence, will be visiting the Republic of China for
four days, beginning on July 19. He is due to meet BOTH President Lee and
Premier Lien Chan.
OUR "A" Section: Trade, Financial & Inland News
- Reducing FF/CHB Liability
- The Cutting Edge
Intercargo Corp. (NASDAQ:ICAR) has just hosted a client forum to expand
discussions about contractual liability within the customs brokerage &
freight forwarding community. In response to the needs outlined at Intercargo 's
1996 Industry Initiative I, a new contractual liability insurance product was
launched at the gathering. This liability is an important issue for brokers
& forwarders because of the significant standards of performance and
increased levels of contractual liability to which their client shippers ask
them to commit.
The Intercargo forum was attended by senior level executives from many of the
industry's leading customs brokerage & freight forwarding companies,
including virtually all publicly held brokers & forwarders. Based on
feedback from this knowledgeable group, Intercargo determined the insurability
of recommended common contract clauses and created a product to protect the
broker/forwarder community. This new product will address the majority of these
risks including, but not limited to, incidental product liability, insurance
below the shipper's deductible, one-way sunset provisions and contemplating
just-in-time in-transit requirements.
The remainder of the forum was led by Intercargo Vice President Larry R. Graf
and focused on additional risk management techniques broker/forwarder can use to
minimize their risk involved with the customer contract process.
Both of the only two U.S. law firms which specialize in broker/forwarder
legal issues were on-hand. Andrew Kaplan, Esq. of Miami's Hyman & Kaplan
firm (East Coast & S. America) and Michael S. McDaniel, Esq. of Los
Angeles's Countryman & McDaniel firm (West Coast & The Pacific/Far East
Areas) presented sample guidelines for effective contract wording and other
alternatives to address hold harmless and/or indemnity agreements. One industry
leader noted, "Finally a solution has been offered to my customers'
demands. The overall interaction and discussion of the attendees was very
"The Intercargo Industry Initiative II was a unique opportunity to bring
this group of industry leaders together," commented Scott Wollney, Director
of Multinational Sales for Trade Insurance Services Inc. (a subsidiary of
Intercargo Corp.). "It fosters interaction between companies that typically
compete with each other and allows Intercargo to continue to meet the changing
needs of this industry." Intercargo Corp. is the leading provider of
specialized insurance coverages for companies involved in international trade.
Its market consists primarily of brokers & forwarders, importers &
exporters and other companies involved in the trade & transportation
industry. The company's primary products include: U.S. Customs bonds, Marine
Cargo Insurance, Property & Casualty Insurance, and Professional Liability
coverages for the transportation specialist industry.
Intercargo's international trade-related coverages are marketed primarily by
Trade Insurance Services Inc. (TIS), a wholly owned agency network. The company
also works with independent agents and brokers throughout the United States,
Canada, Asia & the United Kingdom.
[NOTE: To obtain the full benefit of Industry Initiative II ...... contact
Scott Wollney at 800/394-3909 or 847/517-2345]
With the passing of England's Hong Kong on 1 July, the British Empire is left
with 13 colonies. The Cargo Letter thinks you NEED to know who is left:
- Bermuda: England's oldest colony, founded in 1609, is off the S.E. U.S.
coast with a population of 61,000 that voted in 1995 to remain a colony.
- The Falkland Islands: Britain went to war with Argentina over these in
1982 and now spends US$1.1B a year to station 2,000 British troops on the
south Atlantic islands, home to 2,200 British-descended islanders.
- Gibraltar: Dominated by famous "Rock", this 2 1/4-square-mile
territory on Spain's southern tip has always strained relations between
Spain and Britain. The 30,000 Gibraltarians demand to remain British.
- St. Helena: Once a supply post for 17th-century trading ships, the tiny
Atlantic island (including Ascension Island) off S.W. Africa is now an
isolated outpost of 6,000 people, supported at a cost to Britain of US$13M a
- Montserrat: About half the 11,000 population has fled this Caribbean
island since its volcano came to life in 1995.
- Anguilla: Eastern Caribbean tourist island. Home to 7,000 who voted to
stay British after St. Kitts became independent.
- Cayman Islands: Three Caribbean islands, known for offshore banking
center, tax havens and possible money laundering..
- Turks & Caicos: Islands S.E. of the Bahamas with a population of
- British Virgin Islands: East of Puerto Rico. Population 13,000. Discovered
by Columbus in 1493; annexed by Britain in 1672.
- Pitcairn Island: The last Pacific colony between Panama & New Zealand
where 53 citizens exist from a postage stamp industry.
- Britsh Indian Ocean Territory: An archipelago 1,100 miles S. of India
whose main island, Diego Garcia, is an important U.S. Naval Station .
- S. Georgia & S. Sandwich: Uninhabited former whaling stations near
- Antartic Territory: Only 70 scientists inhabit 5 bases spread over 656,000
square miles. It is cold there.
- Hong Kong To Remain Visa-Free ............ as the one country -two
systems formula continues with regard to travel. Those who had visa-free
access to Hong Kong before 1 July 1997, including Americans, Canadians, and
most Europeans, will retain it.
- Export Rules May Ease ........... as according to the Journal of
Commerce, the U.S. Commerce Department may soon issue a series of new export
control rules, some of them further easing U.S. trade restrictions. For
example, starting 30 September 1997, the Commerce Department will no longer
generally require validated licenses on the export of oscilloscopes,
although restrictions will be maintained for such 'rogue' states as Iran,
Iraq, and Libya.
- N. Korea About To Fall? ................ is the conclusion of a
Wall Street Journal article which observes that the U.S. military has begun
planning a large international relief effort in the belief that starving
North Korea is on an economic downward spiral leading to the collapse of its
communist regime. The suffering of millions may soon be over. it is Past
Time for this abuse to stop.
- White House Says NAFTA "MARGINAL" ........... as the 1st
three year report on the NAFTA from the Clinton Administration indicates
that NAFTA was of 'marginal' benefit to the U.S., given the huge size of its
economy, but was significant nonetheless for U.S. exporters and workers,
Washington Trade Daily reports.
- China Not Yet At WTO .......... as U.S. Commerce Secretary William
Daley said this month that China will have to commit to much greater market
access before talks to admit it into the World Trade Organization (WTO) can
begin in earnest, the Journal of Commerce reports.
- SP & UP Merger Helps Intermodal Service .......... as a new
high priority intermodal service has begun carrying trailers &
containers between the Mississippi River & California. The new service
ties Memphis & Dallas to L.A. and northern California on a route
hundreds of miles shorter than the route UP used before the merger was
finalized last September. Second-day service will be provided between
Memphis-Dallas & L.A., with third-day service between Memphis-Dallas
& Lathrop, an intermodel hub in northern California.
- It's Chile In Canada ........... as The Wall Street Journal reports
that Chile's Senate has given final approval to a free-trade agreement with
Canada which immediately removes or lowers tariffs on about 80% of the goods
exchanged by the two countries. Due to this move it is felt that Chile could
sign a bilateral free trade agreement with the U.S. instead of continuing to
push to enter NAFTA. Similar status with Mexico is expected by November
- An Arab Common Market? ............ as Journal of Commerce reports
that Syria, Egypt, and 6 Gulf Arab states have agreed to set up a common
market among themselves.
- Thailand Devalues To Value Trade ........... with a drop in value
for the baht, for the first time in more than a decade, a move it hopes will
boost exports and revive its economy.
- Eurotunnel Avoids Bankruptcy (For Now) ........... with 10 July
shareholder approval of a debt restructuring plan, delaying potential
bankruptcy proceedings against the English Channel tunnel operator. Had the
plan been rejected freight transportation services through the 31 mile
tunnel could have been disrupted. In return for the deal France &Britain
have tentatively agreed to extend Eurotunnel's concession to operate the
Channel Tunnel from 2052 to 2086.
- Inland Costs Could Rise ........... as the Journal of Commerce
cites trucking industry officials as predicting that more expensive trucks
& diesel fuel, as well as restrictions on trucking, will result from the
Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) proposed clean-air standards,
which are expected to be published this month.
- I.D. For NAFTA ........... with an 18 June, U.S. Customs
announcement of a 'blanket' authorization for the use of Immediate Delivery
(I.D.) procedures for products subject to the first round of accelerated
duty eliminations under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
- A Man Bites Dog Transport Story ............ as Portland, OR,
officials report that a "flying car" crashed through a guard rail
on a bridge access ramp and landed atop Amtrak's Empire Builder train below.
Police cited the car's driver for failure to drive within a traffic lane.
- Enjoying A Cuban Cigar ................ could cost you, as U.S.
Customs reminds that penalties for the smoke include, in addition to
confiscation of the cigars, civil fines of up to $55,000 per violation and
in appropriate cases, criminal prosecution which may result in higher fines
- Customs Broker Licenses Revoked:
1.] Customs Brokers Licenses With Prejudice:
A.I.F.S., Inc. (NY) 6302
John V. Urbano (Los Angeles) 6884
2.] Customs Brokers Licenses Revoked Without Prejudice:
Bruno J. Trocciola (NY) 3087
Wolf D. Barth (NY) 4681
William A. Marshall (NY) 3924
Deborah J. Schecter (NY) 9545
Naomi Meyer (Skinner) (NY) 4801
Raymond Tarnok (NY) 13062
Bernard Levine (NY) 2459
Harry O. Eckert (NY) 1584
Vincent Gurge (NY) 2331
Walter Duncan (NY) 4319
Irving G. Friedman (NY) 0002A
Lester L. Meinstein (NY) 1791
Vito Pipitone (NY) 3421
FNS Corporation (NY) 3181
Sam Martinez (Houston) 6282
Vincent DiPilato (NY) 5407
John M. Poole (NY) 8050
Dominick Maccone (NY) 3471
Edward Michael Keane (NY) 2662
Vincent V. Czajkowski (NY) 2983
Helmut Klestadt (NY) 3128
P.S. Clearance Co., Inc. (NY) 7811
William D. White (Seattle) 1875
A.B. Int'l Freight Services (Seattle) 13609
C.F.T. Omni, Inc. (Seattle) 12129
Marvin L. Nelson Co. (Seattle) 11829
Clarence J. Swift (Seattle) 3532
- Freight Forwarder Nightmare .......... as Interfax Russian news
agency reports that Moscow Customs Officials decided this month that 340,000
bottles of vodka in 70 rail cars from Ossetia (in the Caucasus) were of such
interesting "quality" that they were best diverted from the dry
Russian throat to a chemical factory for "reprocessing" into BRAKE
FLUID & WINDSHIELD CLEANER at Moscow. How many lives were saved? Wow,
what would they think of "Mad Dog 20/20"? Please be careful with
the "Wild West" which has become Russia.
- A Note To Your Sales Dept.
- Bonding With The Customer
Perhaps the biggest expense for the Forwarder/Broker is in its sales effort
which attempts to gain market share by building relationships of trust &
confidence. While all the world was fully aware of the U.S. "4th of
July" celebration ......... there is a need to improve our awareness of the
important holidays for our trading partners. Indeed, knowing that 28 July is
Independence Day in Peru might make the difference in your next contract. Th e
Cargo Letter will play a role in this effort by providing remaining dates for
July 1997. Wish your customers a "Happy Independence Day", etc., as
July 21 - Monday
Belgium - National Holiday
Botswana - Presidents Day
July 22 - Tuesday
Botswana - National Holiday
Mali - Baptism of the Prophet
Swaziland - Heroes Day
July 23 - Wednesday
Egypt - National Day
Papua New Guinea - Remembrance Day
July 24 - Thursday
Bermuda - Cup Match Day
Ecuador - Birthday of Simon Bolivar
July 25 - Friday
Balearic Islands - St. James1 Day
Bhutan - Remembrance of Jigme Wangchuck
Costa Rica - Annexation of Guanacaste Day
Equatorial Guinea - Bata Fiesta
Tunisia - Republic Day
July 26 - Saturday
Liberia - Independence Day
Maldives - Independence Day
July 27 - Sunday
Belarus - Independence Day
Maldives - Independence Day
Puerto Rico - Constitution Day
July 28 - Monday
Fiji - Constitution Day
Peru - Independence Day
San Marino - Peoples Day
July 29 - Tuesday
Maldives - National Holiday
Peru - National Day
July 30 - Wednesday
Maldives - National Holiday
Vanuatu - Independence Day
July 31 - Thursday
Congo - Revolution Day
The Quarter Results
- APL Ltd. DOWN with net income for the 2nd quarter ended June 27,
1997, of US$7.4M or $0.28 per share compared to net income of US$20.8M, or
$0.78 per share, for the same 1996 period. Operating income for the 2nd
quarter of 1997 was US$18.6M compared to US$42.5M for the same period a year
ago. Total revenues for 2nd quarter 1997 were US$626.6M, compared to
US$641.1M for last year's 2nd quarter. Compared to the 2nd quarter 1996,
container revenue per unit declined from US$2,567 to US$2,275, a drop of
11%, reflecting a combination of reduced rates and some cargo mix
differences. Container volumes increased from 246,500 units to 273,300
units, or 11%. Container operating costs per unit continued to decline, from
US$2,417 to $2,222, a drop of 8%.
- Circle International Group, Inc. WAY UP (Expected) as on June 30 it
announced a substantial semi-annual cash dividend of 13.5 cents per share.
The quarterly report should issue next week.
- Covenant Transport, Inc. UP 17.5% to US$70.1M in 2nd quarter 1997
from US$59.6Min 1996. Net income increased 21.5% to US$3.6M in 1997 from
US$2.9M in 1996. Earnings per share was $0.27 compared with $0.22 for the
first quarter 1996. The operating ratio was 89.8% in 1997 & 1996.
- Federal Express. UP with net income of US$132.6M, a 15% increase
over last year's 4th quarter net income of US$115.4M. A record. Earnings per
share rose to $1.14 per share from US$1.01 per share last year. Revenues for
the quarter were US$3,068.3M, 12% higher than last year's $2,737.7M.
Operating income increased to US$251.3M from US$225.7M, and pre tax income
rose to US$230.6M from US$202.5M a year ago.
- Fritz Companies. WAY UP with fiscal 4th quarter revenue of
US$309.5M, up 18.9% from US$260.3M in the comparable 1996 period. Net
Revenue (which represents revenue less direct transportation costs)
increased 9.9% to US$130.9M from US$119.1M in the comparable period last
year. This should put the stock price where it belongs. Revenue for the
fiscal year ended May 31, 1997 increased 10.8% to US$1,156.8M from
US$1,043.9M in 1996. Warehouse & Distribution revenue increased US$44.4M
or 47.1% over the prior year. Air & Ocean transportation shipments
provided combined transportation revenue growth of US$58.8M, an increase of
7.3% over 1996. The customs brokerage revenues increased US$9.7M or 6.8%
over the previous year.
- Frontier Airlines. WAY DOWN with a net loss of US$3.3M in its 4th
quarter ended 31 March, marking a US$4.1M drop from the same 1996 quarter.
For the full fiscal year, the Denver-based carrier recorded a US$12.2M net
- J. B. Hunt Transport Services (trucking) DOWN with 2nd quarter 1997
net earnings of US$1.9M or 5 cents per share compared with 1996 second
quarter earnings of US$6.9M or 18 cents per share.
- Union-Transport (a leading air & ocean forwarder) UP with gross
revenues of US$519M, operating profits of US$13.9M & net income of
US$8.2M for the fiscal year ended Jan. 31, 1997. This compares with US$465M
of revenues, US$11M of operating profits and US$5.4M of net income in the
- Varig. DOWN with losses R$30.48mil for 1st quarter 1997 according
to the "corporate law method". It had losses of R$108.7mil over
the same period of 1996.
OUR "B" Section: FF World Air News
IATA Says 1997 Will Be Great ............. as the International Air
Transport Association (IATA) predicts member airlines will make a collective
US$4.4B pre-tax profit in 1997, compared with US$4B last year. The IATA also
expects capacity & occupancy to increase by 7.5 and 7% respectively.
FAA Restricts B-727F ............. as the Associated Press reports
that the amount of cargo that can be carried in converted B-727s must be
limited because of concern about the strength of the planes' floors. A 14
July Airworthiness Directive, limits load factor to 3,000 Lbs. per container
until the structure is modified, thus affecting Boeing 727-100 & -200
aircraft that have been converted from passenger to cargo use. These planes
can hold 11 or 12 cargo containers, each of which can carry as much as 8,000
pounds. The rule affects 244 U.S. registered planes, to include those of
include FedEx, DHL Airways, Express One Int'l , Ryan Int'l Airlines &
American Int'l Airways. FAA estimates revenue loss of US$25M. No incidents
Outbound Air Compliance Poor ........... says U.S. Customs which
plans a national program of procedural changes and outreach this month to
raise compliance with regulations for submitting outbound air manifests.
Ocean compliance fared much better (see below). The action was prompted by a
U.S. Customs survey showing air carriers departing the U.S. are experiencing
significant problems with air manifests. Customs reviewed a random sample of
825 air manifests and more than 32,000 air waybills, with the following
- Only 47.2% of manifests properly included all required HAWBs.
- Only 37.6% of manifests properly included all required Shippers Export
- Only 59.7% of manifests correctly noted exemptions for moves not
- Only 48.4% of manifests correctly included annotations of Transport
& Exports (T&E) and Immediate Exports (IE) or copies of the
The survey also found significant problems with Customs' own internal
procedures dealing with processing, control and retention of manifests. The
manifest is used by U.S. Customs to ensure that all exports are reported to
the Bureau of Census for computation of balance- of-trade statistics and for
export control to locate export shipments that may be in violation of U.S.
[Note: See our report in The Cargo Letter 
Part One] [Note: Custom s also reports that individual ocean carriers are
reporting that the rate of compliance is up from about 70% to over 90%.....
way to go "Ocean"!]
AES Should Help Manifest Problem ............. as U.S. Customs is
currently working with the Air Transport Association (ATA), the
International Air Transport Association (IATA), the Airforwarders
Association, the FAA, and air forwarders & airlines to automate air
export manifest procedures. The 1 July 1997 expansion of the Automated
Export System (AES) will reduce the amount of paper SEDs and simplify
Lufthansa Cargo Scores A First .......... as it has been awarded
the ISO 9001 quality certification for its U.S. cargo operation. Lufthansa
is the 1st international cargo airline to gain this recognition for the
entire North American region, having also obtained certification in Canada.
Delta Air Lines To Guangzhou .............. with an application
with the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) seeking operating authority
for code-share/blocked-space flights with China Southern Airlines (90
planes) between the U.S. and China. China Southern Airlines plans to operate
service between LAX & Guangzhou beginning next week.
Western Pacific & Frontier To Wed .......... with merger of the
2 Denver based lines in a move to better compete again UAL. No word yet on a
name for the newborn.
Delta & Air Jamaica Approach Altar......... with a 30 June
announcement they have signed a Letter of Intent to pursue joint cooperation
in marketing & other services. Air Jamaica was founded in 1969 and
provides daily service from islands throughout the Caribbean to 11 North
American destinations and London. "AJ" has 300 weekly flights to
19 destinations with a fleet of 15.
Northwest & KLM May Divorce ........... as the Dutch carrier is
suggesting sale its 19% stake Northwest as a way to solve the long lasting
dispute between the two. KLM & Northwest are linked by one of the first
worldwide alliance of the airline industry, each carrier code-sharing on the
many flights operated by the other. Northwest has accused KLM of trying to
dominate the relationship.
UAL June Results Up .............as total cargo ton miles were
240,127,000, up 19.2% from 201,450,000 a year ago.
Continental Cargo Is Highest For A June ........... up 11.9% over
1996 to 46,245 revenue ton miles, up 16.3% for year to date to 268,777 RTMs.
KLM June Is Also Up ......... with cargo traffic increased 7% while
cargo capacity increased no more than 3%. June cargo load factor was 72.3%
compared to 69.5% in June 1996. During the first 3 months of fiscal 1997/98,
KLM recorded an 8% increase in traffic to/from the Asia Pacific region, the
company's most important cargo market, while capacity remained at the same
But Tower Air Is Down ............ with an 11.2% decrease in total
block hours flown in June 1997 to 2,892 hours compared to 3,256 hours in
June 1996. For the 6 month period ended June 30, 1997, total block hours
flown decreased 8.3% to 19,864 hours from 21,665 hours during the same
period in 1996. The decrease in total block hours in June '97 versus June
'96 was primarily attributable to the withdrawal from the Brazil and Miami
to San Juan markets as well as a reduction in domestic scheduled service.
Tracking The On-Line Tracking? ............. as the International
Air Transport Association (IATA) will being issuing unique industry code
numbers to all Electronic Reservations Service Providers (ERSP) which
provide on-line booking services. Airlines will be able to tell exactly what
percentage of their business comes from on-line bookings. Specifically,
on-line reservations companies will no longer need to set up a traditional
travel agency to receive their commission fees. It is expected that similar
arrangements for freight booking will follow.
UPS Wants To Do It Again ............. and again, with announcement
that the industry's first reusable overnight air express envelope will be
tested this month by selected U.S. customers -- including Boeing &
Starbucks Coffee, beginning this month. If all goes well UPS will consider a
broader rollout later this year.
DHL Opens Panama City Hub ............ with a new 24 hour facility
to distribute goods throughout Latin America.
Nippon Cargo Set Up At DFW ........... as Japan's only all-cargo
carrier, opened a new company stn. there this week in the and will operate a
road feeder service from DFW International to Los Angeles. NCA operates a
fleet of 747 freighters with 13 frequencies from the U.S. to Japan.
Atlas Grows Fleet ............ as it will purchase 10 new Boeing
747-400 freighter aircraft, with the option to purchase an additional ten.
Delivery of the ten firm aircraft will take place during a four year period
beginning in 1998.
Going The Way Of The Real Kiwi? ............. as highly troubled
Kiwi International Airlines soon may be sold to a corporation headed by the
airline's top investor, Dr. Charles Edwards, of Baltimore. Kiwi received a
US$16M bid from Edwards' group for all the company's assets. The Newark,
N.J.-based carrier continues under protection of U.S. Bankruptcy Court and
all bids from interested buyers must be submitted by July 10.
The New Pan American Hangs On .......... as the troubled carrier
will add a 3rd daily Miami-San Juan frequency 4/per week to accommodate the
large summer volume.
Alitalia Will Be Rescued ........... as the European Union is to
approve UD1.6B in state aid for Italian flag carrier Alitalia as part of a
rescue package negotiated between the state-owned airline, its unions and
the Italian government to bring the financially troubled carrier back into
profits after 9 straight years of losses.
All Not Green At Evergreen ............ as it has borrowed $400M
from Chase Manhattan Corp. for pay off of existing debt & to settle a
creditors lawsuit. Evergreens US$370M debt is mostly from air cargo
Happy Birthday Polar Air Cargo! ............... as 4 July marked
her 3rd anniversary as a certified air carrier. The line that started with
only two B-747Fs in 1993 has become one of the largest and fastest growing
scheduled all-cargo carriers in the world and ranks among the top 5 of the
world's leading all-cargo airlines. Polar serves all the major economic
regions of the world, operating between the U.S., Europe, Asia, the S.
Pacific, South America & the Middle East, with more than 40 frequencies
per week. Polar Air Cargo was founded by CEO Edwin H. (Ned) Wallace in 1993
with two leased B747 freighters.
TNT Express Worldwide Opens Asia Hub .............. with a new
facility at Ninoy Aquino Int'l Airport in the Philippines. It is the
equivalent to what TNT calls its "Super-Hub" which will open later
this year at Liege, Belgium.
Mideast Door Reopens ........... as Kuwait Airways & Royal
Jordanian Airlines agree to resume direct flights between Amman & Kuwait
City for the first time since the 1990 Iraqi invasion of Kuwait.
Delta Air To Venezuela .......... with a June application to the
U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) seeking authority to operate daily
nonstop service from Atlanta to Caracas, starting 7 December 1997.
"Air Pigeon" Makes Inaugural Flight ............ as S.
African police have arrested 61 diamond mine workers & others who used
carrier pigeons to smuggle stolen gems from high security areas. The
suspects are charged with stealing diamonds worth US$225,000 after a
year-long investigation which recovered 1,186 unpolished gems. The total
loss is estimated at US$4.4M. While other suspects were sought, it is
reported that all of the birds have refused to testify and thereby become
OUR "C" Section: FF World Ocean News
- Port of Los Angeles: REOPENED ............. as L.A. Harbor Pilots
went on strike after the City of Los Angeles rejected the unions last demand
late on 11 July. Cargo delivery at the nation's second-busiest port slowed
to a crawl after thousands of dock workers stayed off the job in support of
11 striking harbor pilots. By Monday night 11 vessels sat idle with others
either at anchor or approaching the harbor. Some vessels were docked by 2
non-union management pilots. But dock workers, who belong to the same union
as the striking pilots, refused to cross picket lines at 3 of the harbor's 7
piers. Ships were being unloaded at the harbor's 4 other piers. The strike
did not affect the neighboring Port of Long Beach, the nation's busiest
On July 15, 1997, Superior Court Commissioner Anita Rae Shapiro (who is very
familiar with shipping as her court overlooks the Ports of LBG & LA) in
Los Angeles has issued a Temporary Restraining Order (TRO) ordering the 11
pilots to stop picketing at the port, where the1,500 dock workers had
refused to cross the picket lines. The TRO is valid until July 24, 1997,
when the court will decide if the order should become permanent. While
Commissioner Shapiro DID NOT order the pilots back to work, port conditions
are returning to normal. By the afternoon of 15 July, 16 vessels were being
Still, an unknown number of vessels may have already diverted for ports as
far north as Vancouver and the strike itself continues. The pilots went on
strike after rejecting the city's last offer of a 17% raise. They want to
increase their $113,712 annual salary to $195,000 over a 2 year period. The
pilots say they deserve the raise because of the amount of training,
experience, skill and danger involved in their jobs. One municipal harbor
pilot is required to help at each docking. [McD]
- Ocean Shipping Reform Bill Hits Snag with ILWU .......... as The
Journal of Commerce reports that the "Ocean Shipping Deregulation"
bill that was gaining momentum in the U.S. Senate and seemed headed for
quick approval has hit a new hurdle, as the International Longshore and
Warehouse Union (ILWU) is raising serious objections over a provision that
would make secret currently public information regarding the points of
origin & destination of large volumes of boxed cargo, including the
cargo's intermodal & inland transportation arrangements. Currently, this
information is publicly available from the Federal Maritime Commission.
- But Seattle Might Be Back In Business ............ as the Journal
of Commerce reports that a settlement has been reached in a 1 year stevedore
labor dispute that severely disrupted container flow through the Port of
Seattle and even prompted some carriers to consider even leaving the port.
- U.S. - Japan Dispute Heats (Again) ............. with a real danger
that the U.S. Federal Maritime Commission (FMC) may still impose threatened
sanctions against Japanese carriers in protest at alleged discrimination
against US companies in Japanese ports. Earlier this year the FMC postponed
imposing per-voyage penalties of US$100,000 until September 4 when Japan
agreed to move on key issues in the dispute.
- Sierra Leone Freight Under War Clauses .......... as the War Risks
Rating Committee has placed Sierra Leone under the Institute of London
Underwriters' War Clauses as of 5 June. The decision, which affects
insurance for ships sailing near the country, comes after a coup d'etat on
25 May and ensuing fighting. Late word ........... Cambodia has now also
joined the "War Clauses" lisr.
- The Pirate Report .......... as the International Maritime Bureau
reports 7 murdered in acts of piracy worldwide in 79 attacks thru June 1997.
There were 113 attacks in the first half of 1996. So far this year, there
have been 31 attacks in Southeast Asia, with 13 of them violent.
- Major Venezuela Container Action ........... as 12 international
container leasing companies from the United States, England and Italy are
jointly suing the Republic of Venezuela for breach of contract to recover
US$55M. The suit claims that the government encouraged its state-owned
carrier Compania Anonima Venezolana de Navegacion ("CAVN") to
become heavily dependent upon the Government for financial support and then
turned on the container companies which had supported it with equipment.
Specifically, the 12 companies allege that containers which they leased to
the Republic of Venezuela were neither paid for nor returned and that the
government broke numerous agreements & promises to pay, forcing the
container companies to incur substantial losses and pay ransom to retrieve
some of their containers.
- Canadian Firm Problem With Lykes Deal .......... as U.S. Secretary
of Transportation Rodney E. Slater last week affirmed U.S. Maritime
Administration (MARAD) decisions denying Lykes Bros. Steamship Co.'s
petition to transfer its Operating Differential Subsidy and Maritime
Security Program payments to Canadian Pacific Limited (CP).
- The Top 20 U.S. Exporters Of Container Freight ................ are
listed below by the number of TEUs during 1996:
1. WEYERHAEUSER, paper, lumber - 91,000
2. DU PONT, chemicals, plastics - 75,000
3. PHILIP MORRIS, food, agricultural - 50,000
4. AMERICA CHUNG NAM, paper, lumber - 46,000
5. U.S. MILITARY SEALIFT COMMAND - 43,000
6. WESTVACO, paper, lumber - 38,000
7. PACIFIC FOREST RESOURCES, paper, lumber - 35,000
8. IBP, food, agricultural - 31,000
9. EASTMAN CHEMICAL INTL, chemicals, plastic - 28,000
10. CHRYSLER CORP, vehicles, parts - 28,000
11 UNION CARBIDE, chemicals, plastic - 25,000
12. DOW CHEMICAL, chemicals, plastics - 23,000
13. RAYONIER CORP, paper, lumber - 23,000
14. CATERPILLAR TRACTOR, vehicles, parts - 22,000
15. DOLE FOOD, food, agricultural - 21,000
16. ENGELHARD, metals, minerals - 21,000
17. ITOCHU INTL, chemicals, plastics - 21,000
18. BUCKEYE CELLULOS, paper, lumber - 21,000
19. HOECHST CELANESE, chemicals, plastics - 20,000
20. GOODYEAR INTL, chemicals, plastics - 20,000
21. ANHEUSER BUSCH, food, agricultural (we know, it's beer) - 19,000
- APL To Have It Both Ways? ............. as a Journal of Commerce
article reports that APL Ltd. has unveiled a proposal to remain a subsidized
U.S.-flag ocean carrier after being acquired by Neptune Orient Lines, a
Singapore shipping company. The article states that the ability to remain a
U .S.-flag carrier, and thereby keep peace with its labor unions and access
to lucrative military cargo, is a critical element of APL's plan to be
acquired by Neptune Orient Line.
- A "Second" COSCO? ........... as a Journal of Commerce
article reports that China's newest shipping group, 2nd in size only to
state-run COSC O will formally start operations in August 1997. The new line
will be called China Shipping Group Co., will be based in Shanghai, and will
have an aggregate fleet of over 400 ships. WHO KNEW?
- Evergreen On-Dock Intermodal Rail ........... begins at Los Angeles
on moves from its Terminal Island Container Transfer Facility (TICTF). The
first eastbound train, operated by Union Pacific, carried containers for
Chicago, New York, Boston, Baltimore and Philadelphia. A test run was
conducted in June with westbound cargo originating in Houston. At present
the TICTF handles 2 trains a week but this will be double by the end of the
year when the complex is fully complete. Sorry, port truckers.
- Nicaragua Sinks Canal Idea ............ as President Arnoldo Aleman
says his government has scrapped the idea of a so-called ``dry canal'' rail
line linking the Pacific and Atlantic to rival the Panama Canal. Instead, a
highway may be built from the Pacific Port of Corinto in Nicaragua to Puerto
Cortes on Honduras' Atlantic coast. An international consortium called the
Interamerican Dry Canal of Nicaragua proposes a rail line to ferry
containerized cargo across the isthmus via high-speed train, creating an
alternative to the Panama Canal. [Note: See The Cargo Letter 
- Russian Internal Routes Open By 2000 .......... as the Ministry of
Transportation said 6 July that Russia will open its "internal water
routes" to foreign-registry vessels by 2000, as required under an
agreement with the European Union.
- P&O Nedlloyd Chooses Grand Alliance .......... as the
Anglo-Dutch container carrier has decided to pull out of the Global
- Canadian Ports Need To Compete ........... says Canadian National
Railway in its 26 June demand on Canadian governments to take immediate
action to lower noncompetitive tax rates & clarify the legislative
status of Canada's ports. Said company president Teller, "We're doing
our part to create a competitive rail network, but we can't do it alone.
Taxes in Canada represent a significant competitive disadvantage to rail
transportation and, by extension, to the Vancouver Gateway". Canada's 2
largest railways pay about US$200M more in tax annually, 40% more than they
would under the U.S. tax system.
- Southern Ports Bring "Region Focus" ............ with a
free magazine by the same name, published by the Federal Reserve Bank of
Richmond. Read about what locals are calling the "boom" in
container traffic. Copies are available from the Bank's Public Affairs
Division by calling 804-697-8111.
- Maersk Honors Conrail ........... as it has awarded the Maersk
Quality Vendor Award for 1996 to the U.S. rail carrier. The award is based
on overall excellence in on-time performance, customer service, problem
resolution, equipment availability, and responsiveness. This is the 4th year
in a row that Conrail has been recognized by Maersk. No other railroad has
ever been so recognized by Maersk, as Conrail has won every year since the
award was first presented in June 1994.
- Hanjin Goes N. China To U.S. ............ as an article in the
Journal of Commerce states that Hanjin Shipping Co. and its vessel-sharing
partners plan to begin a U.S.-China service this fall which will link
northern Chinese ports with the U.S.
- U.S. Maritime Administration Goes Intermodal ............. with
announcement that it is establishing a National Institute for Maritime
Research & Education at the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy in Kings Point,
N.Y. and will use resources of the academy to support maritime industries by
making them more competitive and by enhancing the technical &
professional expertise of people who work in those industries. The institute
will focus on three major areas: engineering research, logistics &
intermodal transportation research, and continuing education. An electronic
version of the research document can be obtained via the World Wide Web at: http://www.dot.gov/affairs/index.htm
- An Ocean Cargo Tradition Continues ............ as The 1997 edition
of Frolic Shipwreck Ale will be released to specialty stores on July 26, the
147th anniversary of the sinking of the Baltimore Clipper ship Frolic which
ran aground off the Mendocino County, California, coastline. She one of a
fleet of fast-moving clipper ships running the trade routes from the Far
East to Europe and on to North America. On its final voyage, the Clipper
Frolic was carrying camphor trunks, porcelain vases, silks and 6,108 bottles
of Edinburgh ale intended for thirsty California gold miners. The crew
survived, but the ship and her cargo of ale were lost. During subsequent
salvage attempts, however, the "Green Gold," the vast forest of
California's redwoods, was discovered, leading to the settling and
development of the North California coast. In memory of the event, a limited
amount of Frolic Shipwreck Ale ......the lost cargo ....... is brewed up
each year. Just imagine that you're a thirsty gold miner in the Sierra
Mountains, and your ship just came in! [Call 707-744-1015 for details.]
- An Ocean Tradition Ends ............... as after 130 years,
Britian's Royal Navy is turning out the lights on visual Morse code.
Masthead signaling lanterns - used by warships to communicate with each
other through some of the most famous naval battles in history - have been
declared redundant by Admiralty chiefs in an era of secure communications.
Recruits will no longer be trained to operate the Morse buttons by which
messages could be flashed to other ships, and the lights themselves will be
- Her Majesty's Prison Weare .......... is now the first prison ship
operated by the United Kingdom in over a century, as of 11 June. The 6 deck
ship is moored off Portland and will ease overcrowding. At first, 50
minimum-security inmates will be held on the ship.
It has been another very busy & deadly month at sea. We offer our prayers
to those who are lost ................
1.] 31 May, Police in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, stopped & boarded M /V
Daniel (St. Vincent & the Grenadines) after it was seen operating
erratically. The master, a Polish citizen, was found to be drunk;
2] 10 June, the bridge & accommodations area of M/V Rovinari (Romanian) were
almost completely destroyed by a fire;
3.] 10 June, two are missing after a barge capsized 1.5 miles north of Pinole
4.] 10 June, M/V Sadko (Mal tese cargo ship) ran aground in the Martin Garcia
Channel in Uruguay;
5.] 1 1 June, a 33-foot minke whale was hit & killed by containership M/V
Sea Nova near Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada;
6.] 13 June, M/V Calarasi (Liberian cargo ship) lost engine power 12 miles off
Umzimvubu, South Africa and subsequently sank with loss of one crew member;
7.] (Deleted due to false report received by The Cargo Letter);
8.] 14 June, M/T Mosking (Bahamian tanker) had an explosion in an auxiliary
boiler superheater, which started an engine room fire. The fire has been
extinguished but the ship is disabled;
9.] 15 June, one died in a fire aboard M/T Okishio Maru anchored at Yokohama,
10.] 16 June, M/V Joseph H. Frantz (U.S.), hit the Veterans Memorial Bridge over
the Saginaw River at Bay City, Mich. causing extensive damage;
11.] 16 June, M/V Elisabeth C. (Barbados general cargo) had rudder problems
sailing from Shoreham, England and is disabled;
12.] 16 June, the barge Mallard Bay 52 exploded and caught fire in the
Atchafalaya River basin near Morgan City, La., leaving 2 crew dead and 2
13.] 18 June, M/V Canadian Mariner ( Canadian) ran aground in the St. Lawrence
River at Light 162. The ship reportedly lost steering control, has taken on some
water and the area has been closed to navigation;
14.] 18 June, M/V Hengtong 320 (Chinese) capsized & sank in heavy seas off
western Hong Kong while carrying 480,000 cans of beer;
15.] 19 June, M/V Green Opal (Panamanian) sank in the Hooghly River 25 miles
east of Calcutta, India, after colliding w/ a tug towing a barge;
16 .] 19 June when 24 people were killed as cargoship M/V Arcadia Pride sank in
high seas after being hit by a 30 foot wave while waiting to dock at Bombay;
17.] 21 June, M/V Dubrovnik Express (Maltese containership operated by Croatia
Line) was arrested at Baltimore by Genstar Container Corp. & Transamerica
Leasing Inc., seeking a total of U.S.$6M for containers leased to the line;
17A.] 5 July, Marie M. (U.S.tug) capsized & sank, killing one, after taking
a heavy strain from a barge in tow near Point Chehalis, Wash.;
18.] 5 July, an unidentified general cargo ship carrying limestone capsized
after colliding with a tanker carrying 1,800 tons of crude oil, 14 miles off
19.] 5 July, M/V Se Il Ho No. 82 (South Korean) sank 124 miles south of Cheju
Island (the Korean "Hawaii"), South Korea, with 3 of its crew missing;
20.] 7 July, a 70-year-old man is missing after M/V Kazusa Maru (Japanese) hit
the tug Bokka off Shimokita Peninsula, Japan;
21.] 7 July, Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), a group fighting for the
creation of a Tamil state, hijacked M/V Morang Bong (North Korean cargo ship)
and sailed to one of the organizations bases in N.E. Sri Lanka;
22.] 7 July, M/V Ice Fern (Cayman Islands refrigerated cargo ship) ran aground
near the Strait of Magellan in Chile. Later in the day, M/T Torepo (Maltese)
also ran aground near the spot. M/V Ultramar X (Chilean) is proceeding to
23.] 11 July, fire aboard M/V Anafi (Maltese) at the Port of Piraeus, Greece,
was extinguished after killing one;
24.] 11 July, M/V Bifuku Maru sank after a collision with M/T Showa Maru 31
miles south of Cape Inubosaki, Japan;
25.] 14 July, 3 bodies were found aboard M/V Vanderpool Express (Belize cargo
ship) which was docked on the Miami River. All had bullet wounds, and a 4th
person is in serious condition with stab wounds. Witnesses reportedly heard
gunfire near the ship around dawn;
26.] 14 July, the ferry K .M. Pedaltari capsized off Indonisia killing 82;
similar events killed 52 in India, 22 off Belize & 14 off Iran on 11 July;
27.] 15 July, M/T Freja Nordic (Bahamian) had an explosion & fire in its
engine room off Iran which killed 4;
28.] 16 July, M/V Bunga Suria (Malaysian containership) had an engine room fire
after leaving Yokohama, Japan, for Pusan, South Korea;
29.] 18 July, M/V Comet (Greek container/general cargo ship) sailing from
Alexandria, Egypt, to Piraeus, Greece, in ballast, had an engine room fire 180
miles S.E. of Crete, Greece. The fire has been extinguished but the ship is
NOTE: In addition to these losses, there were at least 20 groundings and many
other incidents which we had no space to tell you about. [McD]
The historic dangers of carriage by sea continue to be quite real. Shippers
must be encouraged to purchase high quality marine cargo insurance from their
freight forwarder or customs broker.
OUR "D" Section: FF in Cyberspace
Here are this weeks suggestions for the Forwarder/Broker
OUR Featured Site.........
Intermodal Information Technology
- A Transportation Assessment
A "white paper" presentation from American President Lines (APL). A
fresh look at EDI, the internet and more.
.....OTHER USEFUL SITES - The Cargo Letter "Ports Of Call"
............... as part of your basic subscription rate for The Cargo Letter, we
search the world for new & useful web sites of value to the
(Renewed) Nedlloyd Site .......... provides the actual & daily
vessel position and sailing schedule to almost any port in the world. Watch a
QuickTime movie of the M/V Hong Kong.
(Renewed) Continental Airlines Site ........new features including
U.S. Treasury Trade Glossary ........ and a list entitled 'Common
Acronyms & Abbreviations Used Within Department of Treasury, which includes
U.S. Customs Has A Million ........ as its Web site received its
millionth visitor. The site, which was launched last August, is catching on and
for good reason. It is geared to world travelers, importers, exporters, law
enforcement officers, & the international business community, and it is the
only authorized World Wide Web site for the agency. There are 6 areas: (1)
traveler information, (2) importing & exporting material, (3) Customs
enforcement activities, (4) news releases and "hot & new"
information, (5) more about Customs, including a brief look at its 208-year
history, and (6) careers and contracts. Another button features the "dog of
the month," which takes the visitor to canine enforcement. A special
"kids corner" is in the works.
International Alternatives For Country Names ....... which may differ
from straight English translations.
DOT's Comparison of Airline Fares ........ as The Department
of Transportation has, for the 1st time ever, released its quarterly 'Domestic
Airline Fares Consumer Report' online. A major tool for the flying public, the
report lists, by airline, average & lowest one-way fares paid among the
nation's top 1,000 markets which make up 70% of total domestic traffic.
Daily Airline Filings ........ is a full-text and searchable archives
of daily airline regulatory filings. Also includes relevant airline news links.
Excellent research tool!
Association of Shipbrokers & Agents (ASBA)
Gemini Air Cargo ................ a page from one of its DC-10F
Russian Business On-Line .......... as the Russian Chamber of
Entrepreneurs provides the free electronic newspaper "Biznes-Kontakt"
The Labor Camps Of China ......... disturbing site & report.
Storm97 Hurricane Central ............ with information, tips and
others links to detailed data on the 1997 Hurricane season. Watch your freight!
There will be 11 named storms this hurricane season in the North Atlantic, with
3 expected to be as intense as 1992's hurricane Andrew.
International Organizations Index .......... has excellent list of links to
international organizations, including: + EU Internet Resources + NAFTA
Commission for Environmental Cooperation + Bosnialink + Various UN + Human
Rights Library & more.
Great Lakes Shipping Data .............as the Lake Carriers
Association's newest brochure, U.S. Flag Shipping on the Great Lakes is now
available for viewing on their homepage with a complete overview of shipping on
the Great Lakes and includes: vessel and cargo information, shipping routes,
valuable statistics, pictures, and much, much more.
Income Tax Information on the Internet ........... has everything you
could possibly want about income taxes--news, Usenet news groups, forms,
articles, resources, state tax laws, and much more. Since taxes are one of the
two inevitables, it must be inevitable that you take a look at this site. If
you're looking for tax stuff ........ and what Forwarder/Broker isn't?
............it's the place to start without a doubt.
The Dictionary of all Dictionaries ......... with a matrix with all
the different world languages. Simply choose the language you're interested in
and then browse all the dictionaries related to that language. A very useful
tool for the international freight community.
AltaVista Goes Multilingual .......... this multilingual search
capability is only available on the worldwide AltaVista Search network,
including two new mirror sites -- the AltaVista Asiawide mirror site (http://altavista.skali.com.my)
based in Malaysia's Multimedia Super Corridor, and the Spanish-based mirror site
Southern Europe & Latin American. Users can retrieve language-specific pages
written in 25 different languages: Chinese, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English,
Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian,
Japanese, Korean, Latvian, Lithuanian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian,
Russian, Spanish & Swedish. More languages will be added in the near future.
Worldtime ......... is a service featuring information on local time
as well as sunrise and sunset times for several hundred cities world-wide. Also
includes a database of public holidays.
Cal-Trans Real-Time Map for the Los Angeles Freeway ......... This is
customer service using technology!
Before There Was Freight Forwarding ........... Captain Cook's
legendary ship HM Bark Endeavour (1768 to 1771) which explored our planet. Join
a 3-D virtual tour of the ship!
Submarines ........ for those Forwarder/Brokers who always wanted to
learn about World War I & II subs whose job it was to stop the cargo from
ever reach its destination. There is even a free e-mail newsletter.
Archieve of The Cunard Line
RMS OLYMPIC ......... sister ship of the RMS Titanic, home page.
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