Countryman & McDaniel - The Logistics - Customs Broker Attorneys
International Trade & Safety Consultants
"Overlooking Runway 25 - Right, at Los Angeles International Airport"
On The Scene Off Saldanha Bay, South Africa
Feature Date: August 12 2009
Event Date: June 23 2009
The Air & Ocean Logistics- Customs Broker Attorneys
International Trade Consultants
"Overlooking Runway 25 - Right, at Los Angeles International Airport"
On The Scene --Off Saldanha Bay, South Africa
A 2009 Countryman & McDaniel
Cargo Nightmare Prize Contender
Go Directly To The Feature
Cause of Loss? Reader Comments
Cargo Law Network
- Correspondent Lawyers
In The U.S. & Most Major Trading Nations Search
Engine For This Internet
Find Everything You Need Transport
Virtual Transport Library The
Photo Gallery of Cargo
- Photos & Lessons Learned Transport
all air, ocean, motor & customs laws General
virtual public library TRANS
over 1200 Transport Cams, 40 Satellites, Streaming Video,
Transport Sounds, Short Wave Radio & Air Traffic
The Cargo Law Network - Correspondent Lawyers In The U.S. & Most Major Trading Nations
Search Engine For This Internet Portal - Find Everything You Need
Transport Reference Desk - Virtual Transport Library
The Photo Gallery of Cargo Loss - Photos & Lessons Learned
Transport Law Navigator - all air, ocean, motor & customs laws
General Reference Desk - virtual public library
TRANS CAMS © - over 1200 Transport Cams, 40 Satellites, Streaming Video, Transport Sounds, Short Wave Radio & Air Traffic Control! CLICK HERE
Use The Search Engine Here:
"Meet Me At The Roundabout" - M/V MCS Nikita - Sept. 2009
"Walvis Wollover" - June 2009
"Pacific Mis-Adventure" - May 2009
"The Retaking of M/V Maersk Alabama" - April 2009
"Miracle At Schiphol" - Flight TK 1951 - March. 2009
"Do Not Chill" - FedEx life with the ATR-42 - March. 2009
"Miracle On The Hudson" - Flight 1549 - Jan. 2009
"The Attack On M/V Zhen Hua 4" - Dec. 2008
"The Taking of MT Biscaglia" - Jan. 2009
"M/V Ciudad de Ushuaia Stuck At The Pole" - Dec. 2008
"The Taking of M/T Sirius Star" - Somalia Pirates Take Supertanker - Stakes Raised - Nov.- Jan. 2008
"Fedra Backs In" - Death of M/V Fedra" - Oct. 2008
"Tank You, From The Somali Pirates" - Somalia - M/V Faina - Sept.- Jan. 2009
"The Death of Hercules" - Nov. 2008
"JAXPORT Jumble" - August 2008
"Callsign Connie: 44 Tragic Days" - July 2008
"Too Little Runway - Too Much Plane" - TACA Flt 390 - June 2008
"Recurring Dream" - M/V Norwegian Dream - May 2008
"Paradise & Pirates" - S/V Le Ponant - April 2008
"The Light At The End of The Tunnel" - M/V Zhen Hua 10 & 23 - Mar. 2008
"Mess At Manzanillo" - M/V CMA CGM Dahlia - Mar. 2008
"Big Battered Banana Boat" - M/V Horncliff - Feb. 2008
"Back To The Beach" - M/V Riverdance - Feb. 2008
"Glider Operations At Heathrow" -- B-777 Crash - Jan. 2008
"Fighting Fires On Mars"- Martin Mars - Dec. 2007
"Steeplechase"- A340 - Nov. 2007
"Explorer Ship Down" - M/V Explorer - Nov. 2007
"Kwanyang Crane Kaboom" - Nov. 2007
"Den Den Done" - M/V Denden - Sept. 2007
"For The "L" of It" - M/V Action Alpha - August 2007
"Stack Attack!" - M/V Ital Florida - July 2007
"Pepito Flores Did Not Need To Die " - OUR INVESTIGATION RESULTS
"Riding Down The Marquis" - M/V Rickmars Dalian - June2007
"Carrying Coal To Newcastle" - M/V Pasha Bulker - June 2007
"Between A Yacht & A Hard Place" M/V Madame Butterfly - May 2007
"Boxing Up The Rhine" M/V Excelsior - April 2007
"Crack'n On The Sidmouth" - M/V MSC Napoli - Jan. 2007 - Disaster In Real Time
"Full Speed Ahead" - M/V Alva Star - Nov. 2006
"Where The Trade Winds Blew" - Oct. 2006
"Maersk Montevideo Melee!" - M/V Leda Maersk - Oct. 2006
"Laying Down On The Job" - M/V Cougar Ace -- Aug. 2006 -- Amazing !
"Vine Ripened Tires" - M/V Saga Spray -- May 2006 -- Amazing !
"Mis-Fortune" - M/V Hyundai Fortune - March 2006
"Scheldt Snafu!" - M/V Grande Nigeria - Feb. 2006
"A Day A The Beach - M/V APL Panama - Jan. 2006 - OUR EPIC COVERAGE
"NO Rails" - destruction of New Orleans - Dec. 2005
"Backhaul !" - for July 2005
"The Boeing Tri-Motor" - for April 2005
"Catch of The Day" - for March 2005
"One Brick Short of A Runway" - for Jan. 2005
"Singles Only" -- Our One Photo Disasters
"Taichung Tumble" - May 2009
"World's Most Stupid Pirates" - May 2009
"LAX Lunch Deja Vu" - May 2009
M/T Vicuna Explodes - for Jan. 2005
"Unstacked" - overboard & Dr. Beach - Nov. 2004
"Coal Face" - the cargo was danger - July 2004
"Super Loss" - March 2004
"On A Wing & A Prayer" - Jan. 2004
"Stepping In It" - Dec. 2003
"Angel Fire" - Nov. 2003
"Broken Spirit" - M/V Tasman Spirit - Aug. 2003
"Denise & Polargo" - a love story - July 2003
"Columbia River Round Up" - June 2003
"Keel Hualed" - M/V Hual Europe - May 2003
"Thrice Bitten" -- M/V Tricolor - Jan. 2003
"Ramp-Age" - Feb. 2003
"Piñata" - breaking the box - Jan. 2003
"Halifax Hash"--M/V Maersk Carolina - Jan. 2003
"Thar She Blows!" - M/V Hanjin Pennsylvania - Nov. 2002
"T-E-U Bar-Be-Cue" - aftermath of M/V Hanjin Pennsylvania
"Container Pool" - a mystery - May 2002
"Strangers On My Flight" -- by Frank Sinatra - don't blame us - we only report this stuff!
"Dropping In On The Trucker" - it happened again - April 2002
"UNDER Achiever" - tell your friends ! - March 2002
Tell It To The U.S. Marines! - A Symbol of Our Day of Infamy - Sept. 11
Heavy Metal - lifting the un-liftable object - Disaster at Monrovia July 2001
Rail Mate -- an Egyptian rail loss - Tragedy At Ain Sokhna July 2001
Meals: Ready To Explode - Navy container barbecue at Guam! June 2001
U.S. Navy EP- 3 -- China Hostage Situation - Spring 2001
Attack On USS Cole (DDG-67) - - Dramatic Photos!
M/V OOCL America - Feb. 2000
M/V APL China - world's greatest container disaster - Nov. 1998
M/V New Carissa - the ship that would not die - 1999
M/V Tampa Maersk "on a dock diet"
Hanjin's Bad Stab - Under The Dock At Pusan, Korea - Exclusive Photo!
"The Death of Ioannis N.K. "
On The Scene
Off Saldanha Bay, South Africa
July 23 2009
M/V Ioannis N.K. - In Better Days
Ex-YVONNE-99, Ex-MASASHIMA MARU-91
Type: Bulk Carrier
Built: 1977 In Marugame Yard, Japan
Shipowner: Agios Fanouris Shipping S.A.
Shipmanager: Seabound Maritime Inc.
Call Sign: 3FDU9
IMO No.: 7700946
Gross Tonnage: 14,498gt
Dead Weight Tonnage: 23,791t
The Current Voyage
Cargo This Voyage: 22,500mt of Sugar
Lane: Brazil For India
Loss Position: 95 Nautical Miles Off Lamberts Bay, NW of Saldanha Bay, South Africa
A Cargo Nightmare Prize Contender
The Date: June 23 2009
The Time: 0600 Hrs. LT
The Place: 95 NM Off Saldanha Bay, South Africa
Bulk Carrier M/V Ioannis N.K.
A Proud 33 Year Old -- Ready To Carry A Bounty of Sugar From Brazil To India -- Around The World
This Voyage Round The World Voyage For M/V Ioannis N.K. Would Be Her Last
Editor Note: As you scroll through these pictures -- keep in mind that Cargo Law has some unanswered questions about the clean & simple nature of this loss.
Cause of Loss? Reader CommentMcD
The Cargo Letter - June 23 2009Panama flagged bulk carrier M/V Ioannis N.K. issued a distress signal by the Master. Reported that she was taking on water and listing at a 45-degree angle before she sank. The vessel, with cargo of 22,500 tons of sugar -- en-route from Brazil to India.
Tug M/V Smit Amandla, From Cape Town, On Scene Since Morning & Would Remain To Assess The Situation
Editor Note: There are clues here, as to either the cause or a result of the problem which places M/V Ioannis N.K. at severe list & danger of sinking. The crew of
23 was lifted off the ship by South African Air Force helicopters not long before she went down and they were transported ashore.
M/V Ioannis N.K. -- At 90 Degree List. Her 32nd Year Will Be The Last
The 14,498 Gross Ton M/V Ioannis N.K. Makes Her Death Roll
M/V Ioannis N.K. Tops The Waves
M/V Ioannis N.K. -- A Final Blast of Life For A Dying Industrial Creature of Our Seas
M/V Ioannis N.K. -- The Final Photo - - Bowsprit ToThe Wind -- Defiant To The End. The Great Ship Is Dead.
Tracking Back: Photo Taken Just Before The Loss of M/V Ioannis N.K. -- Cause?
Editor Note: This photo makes clear -- and your clues were in most of the foregoing photos -- that sea water ingress preceded the M/V Ioannis N.K. loss event.The 32-year-old ship's class certificates, which in part indicated its seaworthiness, were due to expire on August 16 2009 while she would still have been at sea.
Is this water ingress the cause -- or a result? We will leave this to the investigation boards.
Many of you will ask -- why did M/V Ioannis N.K. sink -- so quickly -- with no obvious weather or obvious mechanical cause? The starboard side breach may be a clue or a cause as we have said -- but especially in times of down economy -- the Lloyd's investigators will look very deeply into the life & death of M/V Ioannis N.K.McD
Reader Response:Dear Cargo Law,
I have a theory about what caused the loss of this ship.
Sugar is a very dangerous cargo for two reasons. First it is not only water soluble, the solution is much smaller than the combination of the parts. Second, sugar gets slightly sticky when it is slightly wet.
A small leak into a hold carrying bulk sugar will dissolve part of the lower level of the cargo and form a heavy liquid with large free surface. The upper part of the cargo will remainin place supported by a dome of sticky sugar.
The combination of these two can have a catastrophic effect on vessel stability. Not only do you have a large volume of sugar water sloshing from side to side, you also have the center of gravity of the hold raised.
I suspect a small hole in the shell plating let a small quantity of water in. The big hole shown in the pictures happened later, probably from sloshing liquid inside the hold.
Nasty situation and I don't know what the crew could have done to save the ship. It seems like if you pump it makes the situation worse.Ross Gauld - Houston
Reader Response:Dear Cargo Law,The gaping hole in this ship's side appears, from the photos, to be about 2 meters wide by 6 meters deep. A hole of consequence for sure.
The damage is very clean cut - a nice even rectangle - almost looks like a side-door!
If I were investigating this sinking, I would want to see if any repairs had been done at that location lately (last 3 - 4 years).
Hummm, so much for the Enhanced Survey Program. Red flags in respect of ESP were raised in the TSB report of the Alcor grounding, Section
Another area of investigation: clean breaks in steel like this can also be caused by brittle fracture - a problem with some mild steels even today. To verify the steel's toughness, samples would have to be retrieved and CVN tests conducted at different temperatures (0C, 10C & 20C for example) to determine the transition temperature of that particular steel.
See TSB's report on the Lake Carling. and complementry articleMy two cents -Paul Drouin - Safe Ship
Shippers Must Have Quality Marine Cargo Insurance ........ Because......... "Ship Happens! ©"
To Repeat -- No Matter How Careful You Are -- Or Who You Hire ....... "Ship Happens! ©"
Get Your "Ship Happens! ©" Gear!
Visit The Cargo Law Ship's Store For Great Industry Gift Ideas!
The Dedication of This Feature Is Simple: To The Crew of M/V Ioannis N.V. & To The Salvage Crew of M/V Smit Amandla -- And To The Many Tow & Salvage Tugs Whose Crews Risk Lives Every Day -- While We Sleep --
SPECIAL NOTE: The historic dangers of carriage by air & sae continue to be quite real. Shippers must be encouraged to purchase high quality marine cargo insurance from their freight forwarder or customs broker.
It's very dangerous out there.
INDEX TO OUR "The Death of Ioannis N.K. " PAGE SPECIAL FEATURES:
Important Links To Our Feature:Smit Amandla MarineSouth African Wreck and Salvage Acit of 1996
Tug M/V Smit Amandla - to the rescueShe Participated In -- 2009 Nightmare - Barge Margaret
Our Daily Vessel Casualties - stay informed
"Singles Only" - visit our individual moments of transport crisis for more.
The Greatest Container Losses Of All Time - these are the grand fathers -M/V OOCL America
M/V APL China
M/V APL Panama - The EPIC
"Great Misfortune"- M/V Hyundai Fortune - March 2006
SPECIAL NOTE: The historic dangers of carriage by sea continue to be quite real. Shippers must be encouraged to purchase high quality marine cargo insurance from their freight forwarder or customs broker.
It's very dangerous out there.
Thanks To Our Contributors For The "The Death of Ioannis N.K. " FeatureOur Contributor for this feature are greatly appreciated:Anonymous Contributor Who Has Brought Us Many Features -- But Must Be Anonymous*
NOTE: Please Provide Us With Your Additional Information For This Loss.
EDITOR'S NOTE FOR SURVEYORS, ATTORNEYS & MARINE ADJUSTERS: The Internet edition effort of The Cargo Letter now celebrates it's 8th Year of Service -- making us quite senior in this segment of the industry. We once estimated container underway losses at about 1,500 per year. Lloyd's put that figure at about 10,000 earlier this year. Quite obviously, the reporting mechanism for these massive losses is not supported by the lines. News of these events is not posted to the maritime community. Our new project is to call upon you -- those handling the claims -- to let us know of each container loss at sea-- in confidentiality. Many of you survey on behalf of cargo interests with no need for confidentiality. Others work for the lines & need to be protected. As a respected Int'l publication, The Cargo Letter enjoys full press privileges & cannot be forced to disclose our sources of information. No successful attempt has ever been made. If a personal notation for your report is desired -- each contributor will be given a "hot link" to your company Website in each & every report. Please take moment & report your "overside" containers to us. If you do not wish attribution, your entry will be "anonymous." This will will benefit our industry -- for obvious reasons! McD
* NOTE: The Cargo Letter wants you to know that by keeping the identity of our contributors 100% Confidential, you are able to view our continuing series of "Cargo Disasters." Our friends send us materials which benefit the industry. The materials are provided to our news publication with complete and enforceable confidentiality for the sender. In turn, we provide these materials to you.
| Cargo law Main Page | The Freight Detective | Law Navigator | Claims Calculator |
| The Freight Detective General Investigations | The Freight Detective Transport Investigations |
| The Logistics Chain | Photo Gallery of Cargo Loss | Our Staff |
| Trans-Cams | Forwarder/Broker Industry Chat & Issue Discussion Board |
| Library & Search Engine of The Cargo Letter | Bookstore |
The Law Offices of Countryman & McDaniel
Eleventh Floor LAX Airport Center
5933 West Century Boulevard
Los Angeles, California, 90045
(310) 342-6500 Voice
(310) 342-6505 Fax
to The Law Offices of Countryman & McDaniel
to The Cargo Letter